Most people with the word "poisonous" associate such representatives of the fauna as snakes, spiders or scorpions. Fish, as a rule, appear at the end of the listing. It is not surprising, because by virtue of the habitats of these creatures, a person may not even encounter a poisonous fish for his whole life (which is not bad, in general). However, there are brave souls who are eager to run into the dangerous representative of the marine world - in addition to their main "trump card" poisonous fish often have a very unusual appearance, which attracts additional attention to them. Deceptive beauty is not only dangerous in the habitat, some fish may pose a threat, while already in the plate. In order not to dine on the last time, you must strictly adhere to the technology of preparation of specific fish. So, for lovers of thrills, we present the ten most poisonous fish on the planet.
This striped predator, which lives near the Asian and Australian coasts, has wide fins resembling real fans - it looks really impressive. However, to enjoy the spectacle should be neat, because the zebra fish is a threat not only for "colleagues" in the ocean (motley bandit with ease can swallow a 20-centimeter fish). Blame the very gorgeous fans, in which the needles are located, filled with poison. For an untrained person, a meeting with a zebra fish can turn into a real disaster, and the hellish pain from an injection is only half the trouble. If you do not seek help in time, the poison activates and leads to paralysis of the muscles and respiratory organs, and this can already turn into death.
Katrans do not fit stereotypes about sharks. This small fish (about one meter long) will never attack a person first. Small sharks inhabit almost the entire oceanic space of the planet. But are they so harmless, and why then are they on this list? Since a person is always looking for meetings with Katrans (commercial fish), he takes a conscious risk. On the dorsal fins of a mini-shark there are spikes, in the back of which there are poisonous glands. Most wounds occur when the catch is removed from the net - a fisherman gets a severe burn, accompanied by prolonged pain. The poison of the katran is not lethal, but the wound will ache for several days.
A flat fish about the size of an average cucumber, which is tail-floating in the coast of Japan. The well-known image of a bug-eyed prickly ball takes puffer only in case of danger In general, such a funny camouflage for the human eye is the only way to protect this fish. Poison? Oh yeah, almost all the fugu's entrails are filled with tetrodoxin (the poison belongs to the nerve group, for a person there is a lethal dose of 1 mg). In Japan, fugu is a recognized delicacy, the cook requires a special license to prepare this dish, and the cooking itself consists of 30 rigorous steps. However, the fugu poison causes about 10 deaths each year (only registered).
Unlike zebra fish, the next representative of our list is very far from traditional ideas about beauty and aesthetics. You can meet poisonous toad fish in the coastal waters of South and Central America. The main "trump card" of this small (about 35 cm in length) creature is located in the dorsal fin, where several spikes with a dangerous substance lurked. In general, the prerequisites of being stung by a toad fish are not so much for a person, but if there is a painful contact, then you should not panic and drastically make a will. The sensations, of course, are extremely unpleasant, but still the poison of the toad fish does not apply to death for humans.
Fish-stone or wart also does not differ in special beauty, but easily disguises itself as sea stones (hence the name). The habitat of the creature is shallow water areas of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Tourists from Europe have a chance to meet with a wart at the resorts of Egypt. The trouble with such a meeting is that, stepping on a stone with a "surprise", a person receives an injection of 12 "syringes" of the dorsal fin of the wart, which contain the strongest poison. Needless to say about pain, if a person is ready to tear off his own leg. It is important that the unlucky tourist is provided with immediate medical assistance, as the poison can cause death within 2 hours.
This flat fish, very much like a frying pan, is found in all tropical waters. The lion's share of life is carried by the bobtails at the bottom, and they tend to burrow into the sand in order to disguise, so an unwary tourist can step on the fish. The spike with poison is located at the slope in the tail (hence the name), but it uses its potential being only for defense purposes, and the poison does not represent a mortal danger. Nevertheless, one case is known when neither one nor the other statement worked. The victim was the famous naturalist Steve Irwin, who led another underwater shooting. Contrary to expectations, one of the stingrays was the first to deliver a smashing blow with a tail to Irwin’s chest, which caused instant death - the sting hit exactly in the heart.
This resident of the Black Sea and some parts of the Mediterranean in its usual state resembles a large sprat 30 cm long, painted with unusual patterns. Since the fish lives in shallow water and does not like to advertise their own presence (hiding or masking), by inattention a person may step on the whelp. In this case, the creature activates spines located in the dorsal fin and gills, from which poisonous glands enter the body of the “offender”. There comes a sharp burning pain, accompanied by swelling and cramps. In order to avoid serious consequences a person should be given first aid for 10 minutes.
In the tropical and subtropical waters of our planet scorpion lives - a fish with a unique appearance and ability to molt. In itself, the creature still hardly refers to the beautiful, but the motley coloring of the scorpions in thousands of options is simply amazing. In the same way as the poisonous arsenal of fish - around the perimeter of the calf are about 20 dangerous spikes. Color scorpion contributes to their easy disguise, so the fish can not notice and accidentally touch or step on it. Despite the impressive number of thorns, scorpion poison is not fatal, but symptoms such as pain shock, low blood pressure and numbness to the victim are provided for several days.
A small coral fish that lives in tropical waters, as well as off the coast of Japan, can pose a great danger to humans. Like most representatives of our list, the main weapon of inimicus (thorns with a poisonous substance) is hidden in the dorsal fins. The injection of this creature is justly equated to the bite of a viper, the main thing here is the help provided on time to the bather who has unsuccessfully entered the sea. By the way, our old acquaintances from Japan catch inimicus and use them as ... well, naturally, a delicacy. True cooking technology in this case is not so strict.
Finally, the most charming representative of our list. Indeed, the surgeon fish looks extremely cute and cute. However, this flat 40-centimeter beauty always carries with it poisonous spike-blades like a scalpel (hence the name). The fish is not predatory and uses its “ace in the hole” only when necessary. Such a need, by the way, can be the desire of a person to touch a cute fish. If unwanted contact has occurred, then the wound should be rinsed at the first opportunity with hot water or treated with a hairdryer - under the influence of temperature, the poison is destroyed and loses its detrimental properties.
Dangerous representatives of aquatic fauna
- Fugu. Despite the fact that in Japan it is considered a delicacy and is very expensive, an ordinary tourist should be very careful when meeting with her. Injections with his needle, the fish releases poison - tetrodotoxin, capable of killing a person, because there is still no antidote to it. It is located on the skin and in the internal organs, so it is strictly forbidden to cook fugu yourself. The fish reaches a length of 50 cm and is found at a depth of about 100 meters.
- Zebra fish Its magnificent view is sure to attract attention, but it is worth knowing that sharp and poisonous needles are hidden in beautiful striped fins. The main food of these marine inhabitants is crabs, clams, small fish. You can meet zebrafish in the Pacific and Indian Ocean. Divers warn anyone who wants to touch this unusual creature - it is very dangerous, you risk getting a shock, accompanied by convulsions and cardiac abnormalities.
- Stone fish. Its habitat is the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Red Sea. Its size can reach half a meter, and the favorite places for hunting are stones, reefs and dark algae. The body of the fish is covered with knolls and outgrowths, for which it is also called wart. On the back is a row of fins with poisonous spikes. Stone-fish burrows into the sand, leaving only its fins on top, to which algae often cling, making it imperceptible and even more dangerous. If due to carelessness come or hook it, you can get an unpleasant injection of thorns, the poison of which is deadly to humans. The most frequent cases of meeting with a wart were recorded in Egypt and Thailand.
- Sea dragon. The most poisonous fish of the European continent. You can meet her in the southern part of the Baltic Sea, as well as in the Black and Japanese seas. Dragons, small and unremarkable in appearance, love to dig in the sand, leaving only the head on top. They are quite aggressive and dangerous, even for those who swim near the shore. If a person steps on a dragon or decides to take it in his hand, then as a defense, the fish will release their poisonous spines. The poison is so strong that the dragonet is dangerous even for some time after death.
- Imicus. Translated from Latin means "enemy." Like many other venomous fishes, inimicus is dangerous for its dorsal fins, at the base of which there are poisonous glands. A prick with such a thorn is equivalent to the bite of a viper. They usually live in tropical waters, but sometimes inimikusov can be found in the Sea of Japan, where they are caught and cooked as a delicacy.
- Arabian surgeon. It is equipped with two spikes on the sides and is one of the most dangerous in the world. In general, the surgeon fish is quite peace-loving and swims with tight fins, but in case of danger it advances them, defending itself. To annoy her, you need to try very hard, but if you decide to be extreme, you should know that in case of poison of a surgeon fish, the wound should be immediately rinsed with hot water, this will neutralize it.
- Skit-tail This name he received due to the fact that on the upper surface of the tail there is one or more needles. Their length can reach 35 cm. The needle itself is immovable, but when turned by the tail, the ramp is able to strike it, releasing a toxic poison. You can meet such animals in the Black Sea and in Primorye. The stingray's blows are so strong that even leather shoes can be easily punched if you hooked it, lying somewhere off the coast.
- Shark katran. Translated from the Greek means "prickly." This name is not accidental; on the fins of such animals there are sharp thorns. And despite the fact that the katran has no poisonous glands, its injection is quite dangerous for humans. The reason for this is mucus, which can be covered with thorns. It develops many harmful bacteria that can cause infection.
- Scorpion. The end of the dorsal fin in such fish is a spike, at the base of which there are glands that produce poison. Bright coloring and outgrowths on the body make them almost invisible among the marine flora. The Black Sea marine ruff lives in the Black Sea - this is another name for scorpions. Their favorite places are shallow and coastal areas, so if you decide to wander along the coast, you should carefully look at your feet. Despite the fact that deaths from scorpion injections are rare, its poison can cause pain shock, swelling, and heart and lung disruption.
- Sea bass. Very tasty and healthy fish with poisonous fins. Its injection does not cause complex consequences, but can lead to local inflammation and prolonged pain. Sea bass meat contains many vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids.
The underwater world is very rich and diverse, but also fraught with some dangers, so you should be careful, even going on vacation.
Despite the resemblance, electric eel is a separate species, and is not related to real eels. Dangerous fish has chosen its habitat for the Amazon tributaries and small rivers in northeastern Latin America.
River dweller uses electric organs to protect and paralyze prey. The discharge of 600 volts generated by eel can kill a person, so when visiting the regions where this predator is found, you need to be extremely careful.
Its exotic organs that generate current, besides protection and hunting, are used by fish and for navigation.
In the video below, you can see unique shots of the caiman attack on electric eel.
In the freshwater rivers of South America and Africa, you can encounter tiger fish from the piranha family. Already one such relationship should be alerted.
To hunt fish with the help of sharp teeth, tearing off the victim. Their average weight is 3-4 kg, but fishers caught individuals up to 50 kg, and the Senegalese subspecies reaches 15 kg.
Meeting with her in the water is dangerous for humans, but on the Cheb River, which flows in Africa, there are real championships in catching dangerous fish, which attract extreme fishermen from around the world.
In the rivers of India and Nepal som Gunch is found, which is often called the devil's catfish. The most dangerous fish due to its size and aggressive habits has long gained a reputation as an ogre.
Eyewitnesses reported that a big fish easily dragged people under the water. Especially often it occurs on the banks of the river Kali. Most likely, people themselves are guilty of the fact that som loved human meat, because in Kali, according to Buddhist traditions, they bury the bodies of the dead.
Gunch is a fairly large inhabitant of rivers. In the history there was a case when fishermen caught an adult catfish weighing 104 kilograms.
Due to the appearance of the wart more known to mankind under the name of fish-stone. It dwells among sea reefs and successfully mimics under a stone. In addition, a marine resident can hold out without water and 20 hours.
Possessing poisonous spikes, fish is considered the most poisonous fish in the world. Her bite is fatal to humans, but the antidote has not yet been found.
Dangerous fish can be found in the shallow waters of the Indian and Pacific Ocean. An unusual, but dangerous fish easily hides among the stones in the sea, so you can simply not notice it and come.
The last decades of the snakehead habitat has expanded considerably, and today it can be found from the rivers of Central Asia to freshwater bodies of the Far East and the Indian Subcontinent.
Fish growing up to 1 meter and reaching a weight of more than 10 kilograms easily experience an oxygen deficiency. In the absence of water, it digs into sludge and waits for drought, and can also cover long distances, crawling from a reservoir into a reservoir.
A dangerous predator that hunts all living things in the water, including those that can bite humans.
Who among us as a child did not hear the legend of a fish that can penetrate intimate places in the human body and lead to death. These fishes belong to vandellia as well, but so far there is no reliable evidence that a person has penetrated and stuck in the urethra.
A small fish is found in tributaries of the South American Amazon, and grows no more than 15 centimeters. Some copies are no more than a match and are completely transparent.
Vandelia parasitizes other fish. Getting into the gills, it pierces the skin of fish and drinks their blood, which is why the locals call it "Brazilian vampire."
Common piranha, one of the most famous freshwater predators in the Kharatsyn family, is dangerous both to animals and to humans.
Piranhas keep flocks, instantly attacking their prey, leaving not only bones. Despite the potential danger to humans, cases of eating people in history are not recorded.
A small fish grows up to 15 centimeters, but there are subspecies reaching even larger sizes. In captivity, the predator is cautious and fearful, but lately it is quite popular in aquarism.
Unusual fish lives in warm waters among tropical coral reefs. Sensing danger, it swells into a ball completely covered with spikes.
Here are the thorns and carry the greatest threat to humans. Reckless bathers may inject. It is necessary to provide immediate medical care, otherwise the person dies.
The skin and internal organs of unusual fish contain toxic poison, so it is not recommended to eat it.
Рыбы очень медлительна и неповоротлива, из-за чего под действием водных течений может оказаться в районах, далеких от ареала постоянного обитания.
Известная как рыба-вампир, пожалуй, самая опасная рыба, так как может съесть даже пиранью.
К тому же это одна из самых трудноуловимых пресноводных рыб, что делает ее популярной среди азартных любителей рыбалки. При попадании на крючок или блесну, она активно сопротивляется попыткам вытащить ее из воды.
Вырастают хищники более 1 метра и весят при этом от 15 до 17 килограмм. A remarkable feature of the fish are sharp canines, located in the lower jaw. Because of them, she got the nickname "vampire fish" but she does not drink blood.
We will complete our top most dangerous fish with a representative of the stingray family. Most of the time spiketail spends at the bottom, burrowing in the sand.
This type of marine life is potentially dangerous to humans. With a sharp spike, it is able to penetrate the skin, and the released venom causes spasms, paralysis, and can be fatal.
Adults grow up to 1.8 meters in length, and such giants weigh up to 30 kilograms. They feed on crustaceans, mollusks, and poison is used only as a defense. Often the sea predator itself becomes a victim of sharks.
As you can see, the seas, oceans and rivers are filled with dangerous inhabitants, meeting with which is undesirable for humans. The most dangerous fish are found in different parts of our amazing planet, and when hunting they use various methods of destruction, from sharp canines to electric shock.
Be always careful when visiting seaside resorts and swimming in rivers and reservoirs, because any meeting with the fish listed in the list can carry a potential hazard.
Ray-predatory fish having several names - zebra fish and striped lionfish. Inhabits the Pacific and Indian basins, near the Chinese, Australian and Japanese coasts and near the Caribbean. It is considered one of the most unusual and attractive fish: the body of the lionfish shimmers in bright stripes, and the length from head to tail is 30 cm, weight - within a kilogram. An unpleasant feature of the fish are located in the form of a ribbon fins on the chest and back. It is precisely in them that her secret weapon is hidden — poisonous needles, one touch of which is enough to cause paralysis of the respiratory and skeletal muscles. If time does not provide assistance, the person will sink to the bottom because of the inability to move and breathe.
8. Big tiger fish
Predatory fish that lives on the African continent, in the rivers of Lualaba and Congo, as well as in some other bodies of water. The maximum length of individuals can be up to one and a half meters, and weight up to half a centner. Cases of the attack of this fish on humans have been recorded, while the predator itself is the only fish known to biologists that does not feel the fear of alligators.
7. Bagarius Huarelli
A variety of very large fish belonging to the mountain catfish lives in South Asian rivers flowing through China, Bangladesh, India and Nepal. Maximum length - 2 meters, weight - 90 kg. For a decade, starting from the beginning of this century, there have been many cases in which huge catfish attacked people, and most aggressive behavior ended in death for a person.
6. Brown Snakehead
It belongs to the perch-shaped order, to the family of snakeheads and is a large fish living in the fresh waters of rivers flowing through the territory of India, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos and Malaysia. The length of the predator - 1.3 meters, weight - 20 kg. Incredibly voracious, cunning and aggressive, tolerant of a lack of oxygen. Their potential prey can be tracked down for a long time and always attack from ambush.
4. Plain Vandellia
The second name - Kandiru, refers to ray-finned fish. It is found in the Amazon, lives in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil. It is an almost transparent creation of nature and looks like a small (10-15 cm) eel. It is considered a parasitic fish and is very dangerous, as it can swim into the penis, anus or vagina of a naked person, stick to the internal cavity and begin to feed on blood, from which the infected experiences severe pain. Removing the parasite is only possible surgically.
3. Piranha ordinary
The ray-like predatory fish belongs to the subfamily Pyranya and inhabits South American bodies of water and rivers. Length - up to 30 cm, weight - about a kilogram. Of the 50 species, only 30 are predatory, and the rest feed on the fruits. They have powerful jaws and a number of sharp wedge-like teeth. They hunt in packs, attacking any living object, be it a fish, a pet or a man. He pulls out huge chunks of meat from the flesh, and within a few minutes a small flock of piranhas can gnaw a 50-70 kg cow to the bone.
2. Brown toby
Another name is brown puffer, northern or oculus dog-fish, brown puffer. The sea fish belongs to the Iglubryukhov family, lives in the northwest of the Pacific basin, loves slightly brackish water. The maximum length of individuals can reach 80 cm, although the average fish has a body of about 40 cm. The liver and ovaries contain tetrodotoxin, the strongest poison that kills in seconds. Despite this, is the most famous dish of Japanese cuisine. Regularly in the Country of the Rising Sun many deaths are recorded due to eating fugu, while the popularity of this dish does not become less.
The cube box (fish-box) belongs to the family of Kuzovkovs and lives in reefs of the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic oceans. This fish grows up to 45 cm and is easily recognized by the cubic shape of the body: on the sides there are intergrown bony plates covered with thin skin, which form the shell. The bright yellow color and black spots on the body of this fish warn predators of the threat.
Box fish feed on algae, crustaceans, mollusks, and small fish. Bodies are also bred in aquariums.
Under stress or the threat of a dead body, the cube releases a toxin from the skin into the water, poisoning the surroundings. Fish secretes poison ostracytoxin, which destroys red blood cells, disrupting the function of the respiratory system.
The most poisonous fish in the world
Stonefish (wart), belonging to the family of Scorpions, - the most poisonous fish in the world. This is a bottom fish that lives in the shallow waters of the tropical Indo-Pacific region. It has a warty surface, gray in color and looks like a stone (hence the name), mixing with the natural environment and disguised on the seabed, like scorpions.
A wart has 13 needle-shaped dorsal fins through which it delivers poison to the victim. The amount of venom produced depends on the pressure applied to the fish. The average length of fish is 30-40 cm, weight - up to 2 kg. The wart remains motionless on a sandy or rocky bottom, awaiting the approach of prey (fish, crustaceans).
Because of its appearance, stone fish is not noticeable on the seabed, so there is a risk of accidentally stepping on it and getting injured. Admission of poison in the human body leads to rapid edema, temporary paralysis, muscle weakness, tissue damage. The wounds received from the thorns of these fish are extremely painful and sometimes fatal.
The list of the most poisonous fish includes scorpion, cube, zebra fish, puffer fish, and stone fish, which is the most poisonous fish in the world. These fish are found in the coastal waters of the Black, Red, Mediterranean and other seas. Therefore, it is imperative to follow the rules of bathing, so as not to harm health. For example, in the Red Sea you can not swim in the evening and at night, since poisonous predators go hunting at this time.
Bagarius yarrelli is a species of large fish found in the rivers of South Asia. They are found in countries such as Bangladesh, India, China (Yunnan Province) and Nepal. It grows up to 2 m in length and weighs more than 90 kg. In the three villages on the banks of the Sarda River in Nepal and India, between 1998 and 2007, these fish were reported to be attacked on people, which were often fatal.