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Symptoms of nervous exhaustion

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Nervous exhaustion is a special psychoemotional state that is formed due to severe stress or excessive intellectual burden at work, school. Otherwise, it may be referred to as asthenic neurosis, neurasthenia, chronic fatigue, and also nervous exhaustion.

Such a negative state significantly affects human cognitive abilities, memory, general physical condition and quality of life. It can lead to a nervous breakdown, become the root cause of depression.

Why does

Each person is unique - nature defines it so that the processes of attention, memory, perception of the surrounding world and its place in it all proceed in different ways. At the same time, the safety margin of all is also different - it is enough for someone just to worry a little, so that he has increased pressure, and another person can work for a long time at the limit of his strength. But the exhaustion of the nervous system, sooner or later, takes its toll - a particular pathological condition is formed.

The main causes of nervous exhaustion may be:

  • excessive exercise for a long time
  • intense intellectual activity associated with monotonous and boring work
  • severe infectious pathologies,
  • the presence of daily irritants, for example, conflicts in the family, at work,
  • constant lack of sleep, poor sleep, frequent work shifts at night,
  • poor diet - lack of essential vitamins, trace elements,
  • unadjusted work and rest,
  • surgical abdominal intervention
  • abuse of tobacco, alcohol, drugs,
  • uncontrolled medication,
  • severe somatic pathology,
  • the period of carrying a baby and its subsequent lactation.

All of the above leads to disruptions in the activity of the structures of the central nervous system - a nervous exhaustion of the body appears.

Main features

At risk of the appearance of nervous exhaustion experts include people:

  1. occupying management positions
  2. managers of large companies
  3. working in shifts
  4. persons whose salary directly depends on the volume of work performed,
  5. emergency workers,
  6. overly impressionable and emotionally labile,
  7. young mothers, especially if they are forced to combine the care of a newborn baby with the performance of work duties.

All of the above leads to the fact that a person has signs of nervous exhaustion. He becomes indifferent to almost everything that previously worried and cared for him - a kind of mental and physical anhedonia. For example, instead of going for a walk with friends, he prefers to just lie on the bed and not think about anything. Such people do not make plans for the future, they live for one day. And this is not some kind of personality anomaly, but a usual nervous exhaustion.

In addition, colleagues are beginning to notice that the previously active and punchy employee becomes indecisive, has doubts about his own abilities and abilities. All this leads to chronic anxiety, which can result in even a nervous breakdown, even depression or other diseases of the central nervous system.

Symptomatology

Symptoms of exhaustion of the nervous system are increasing gradually. Initially, they can be taken for banal fatigue. However, the condition is steadily aggravated, turning around to a person with already serious diseases, for example, bulimia, neurosis. Their treatment should already be done only by a specialist.

The main symptoms of nervous exhaustion:

  • lasting feeling of fatigue,
  • violation of the quality of sleep, most often a person has problems falling asleep,
  • excessive sensitivity to external stimuli,
  • persistent pain in different parts of the head,
  • unreasonable increase in temperature, blood pressure,
  • previously uncharacteristic frequent exacerbation of somatic pathologies.

Surrounding begin to celebrate the man that he became too irritable and impatient. This is expressed in increased nervousness in the first minutes of waiting. And even a slight increase in physical, intellectual stress leads to discomfort in the head, stomach. Symptoms of psychosomatic disorders can be identified by a specialist.

Self-diagnosis and self-treatment is absolutely not acceptable. Identifying symptoms and treating nervous exhaustion is the prerogative of a specialist.

Diagnostics

Noting one or a combination of the above symptoms of nervous exhaustion, it is recommended not to delay with seeking medical help. In the initial stages, consultation of a general practitioner or a neuropathologist will be required.

Since the diagnosis of nervous exhaustion is rather difficult to establish, it is necessary to conduct several laboratory and instrumental studies to rule out the presence of other diseases in humans with similar symptoms.

The specialist will recommend:

  • various blood tests (complete blood count, blood glucose test) - to eliminate anemia, diabetes,
  • urine test
  • serological and immunological analyzes,
  • determination of the level of certain hormones in the blood (depending on the recommendations of the endocrinologist).

Instrumental diagnostics will also be required - ECG, EEG, FGDS, ultrasound.

Additional consultations of experts - the cardiologist, the psychologist, the endocrinologist. They will suggest how to treat nervous exhaustion correctly, taking into account the information from the above diagnostic procedures.

Possible complications

After suffering nervous exhaustion, the patient in some cases has complications - of a social nature, for example, difficulty in adapting in a team, or a psychosomatic plan - panic disorder, secondary hypertension, gastritis, migraines.

Social problems may also arise, because nervous exhaustion leaves its imprint on a person’s character, as an emotional response to a pathological condition. In addition, these people are beginning to withdraw into themselves, are dissatisfied in everything. They may assume that they have an incurable disease that cannot be diagnosed, because experts do not reveal anything.

How to get rid of hypochondria should be solved only by an expert, but a number of actions can be taken independently, for example, to start visiting a club of interests - floriculture, shipbuilding, automaking, learning foreign languages, beading.

Treatment tactics

A highly qualified specialist, before recommending treatment for nervous exhaustion, will try to find out the root cause of its occurrence. Only by removing it, you can expect a quick improvement.

The main directions of treatment tactics for nervous exhaustion:

  • correction of work and rest,
  • ensuring quality sleep,
  • giving up negative habits
  • lack of stressful situations
  • dietary correction
  • quality, regular sex,
  • mastering relaxation techniques - yoga, meditation, aromatherapy.

If it is not possible to cope with negative symptoms, a specialist will recommend courses of antidepressants, nootropics and other drugs, depending on the symptoms present.

Of great importance are vitamins with nervous exhaustion. Of the most well known are indicated - subgroup B, as well as ascorbic acid, D and E, A. It is they who have a significant impact on the activity of brain structures.

Will come to the aid and recipes of popular wisdom - various healing teas and decoctions, tinctures and extracts. So, the rosehip extract has proven itself well in nervous exhaustion - it has long been famous for its rich vitamin composition. A pronounced sedative effect has a decoction of chamomile, lemon balm, valerian. You can add a drop of honey in them and take it before night rest.

What you can do yourself

How to independently recover from nervous exhaustion:

  1. first of all, to establish the correct daily routine, with an obligatory break for lunch and a night sleep for at least 8 hours,
  2. adjust the diet - enrich it with various fruits and vitamins,
    start to visit the pool, fitness center, train yourself to jogging in the morning,
  3. master aromatherapy, yoga, massage.

The main task is to learn how to cope with nervous overstrain, redirect energy in the right direction.

Prevention

If nervous exhaustion is diagnosed, then as a preventive measure, it is necessary to pay special attention to teaching a person self-analysis techniques and self-help. At the slightest deviation in health, carefully listen to your body, try to relax more, listen to pleasant music.

Great importance is attached to the proper organization of work, the presence of several interruptions, even for 10–15 minutes during a shift. Guided by the principle - health, above all. Meet more often with friends, attend exhibitions and openings, cinemas and music events. And if the diagnosis of nervous overvoltage was still confirmed - to comply with all the recommendations of the attending physician.

Treatment methods

First you need to get rid of the annoying factor. Then it is very important to adhere to such recommendations:

  • Keep track of how much time goes to work, and how much to rest. Do not spend internal resources on a career, always remember about the extra rest. If you constantly work, do not sleep, everything will end in grave consequences.
  • A strong, healthy sleep helps to rejuvenate. Take nightly sleep seriously, because of constant lack of sleep, fatigue begins to accumulate, it all ends badly.
  • Eat right, exercise. With the help of physical exertion, you can relieve stress, saturate the body with pleasant sensations. Sport is not only treatment, but also good prevention. Of course, if you exercise a lot, remember about healthy and natural products.
  • Enthusiasm. Do not forget for your hobby: draw, write, watch movies, read books, dance. Hobbies will help get rid of nervous exhaustion.

If you are suffering from a long protracted depression, even rest does not help, here you need professional help from a psychologist who can figure out the main reasons and relieve you of unpleasant symptoms.

Complications

No wonder they say: "All diseases of the nerves!" Any stress adversely affects the health, general well-being. In some situations, the patient for a long time can not get rid of dissatisfaction, increased irritability. It all ends with the fact that a person closes in himself, strongly secretive.

Depletion can cause neurasthenia, depressive syndrome. Some begin to drink antidepressants, and after a while they further aggravate the condition. A person suffers from a severe headache, cannot imagine himself without drugs.

Nervous exhaustion is most characteristic of a workaholic. He forgets to rest, cannot relax, constantly in a hurry, thinks about his activities. As a result, blood pressure rises, a hypertensive crisis develops, malfunctions of the heart and blood vessels are observed, migraine is disturbed, and immunity is noticeably reduced.

Unfortunately, in today's bustling life, one often has to deal with stress. To earn money for food, clothing, you have to work from morning to night. Some sleep only 4 hours a day. Do you think this does not affect health? Many drink alcohol to get rid of stress, but it gets worse. Gradually, the man himself does not notice how he develops a chronic form of nervous exhaustion. Here you can not do without the help of a psychotherapist. If you do not relieve your condition in a timely manner, everything will end in a mental disorder with manic psychosis, an obsessive state, and personality degradation.

So, you should not bring yourself to a nervous exhaustion. Remember, you need to enjoy life, and not constantly spend energy on work, conflicts, other unpleasant situations. Take care of yourself!

How to determine the nervous exhaustion?

Unfortunately, in most cases it is very difficult to determine on your own that a nervous exhaustion overtook you, a person can understand that there is something wrong with him, and what exactly is not to make out. Therefore, be attentive to your loved ones and family members, because it is much easier to come to the correct diagnosis from the outside. So, the main symptoms of nervous exhaustion are:

  • Increased irritability and nervousness. A person reacts violently to any, even the smallest and insignificant problem, almost everyone can irritate him, from people on the street who speak loudly to the closest people, family members. The reaction is mostly instantaneous; for some time a person cannot cope with himself.
  • Increased fatigue. A patient with neurasthenia almost always feels fatigued, even when he wakes up in the morning after a night of sound sleep, he can feel a feeling of weakness and heaviness.
  • Impatience. People become absolutely unable to wait, for example, even if a person knows for sure that in 5 minutes a bus will come, he will not wait for him, but will walk.
  • Headaches, fog in the head. Neurasthenia is often accompanied by prolonged and frequent headaches, which can occur even in the absence of a load. People are often absolutely unable to concentrate, the constant “fog” in the head overshadows all human intellectual activity. The efficiency decreases, the patient loses the ability to quickly and accurately solve primitive mental tasks.
  • Due to the fact that the patient can not concentrate, he constantly switches from one case to another. For example, I went to make tea, and along the way I was distracted by some object, and then I completely forgot what I wanted to do.
  • Insomnia, poor sleep. One of the most prominent symptoms of nervous exhaustion is a bad dream, a person constantly scrolls in his head some extraneous thoughts that keep him awake, disturbing. If, however, to fall asleep, finally, it still succeeds, the patient can wake up from any soft sound of a clap or a flash of light.
  • A person is constantly in a state of fear, anxiety, he is tormented by the slightest problems and difficulties with which he does not know how to cope.
  • Diseases that can accompany nervous exhaustion: pains in the back, lower back and sides, arthrosis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, heart pain, inflammatory processes, as well as all other diseases that people are prone to.

As you have probably noticed, there are a lot of signs that can indicate the disease under consideration, they can be easily confused with other diseases. The symptoms are easiest to detect at the initial stage of the disease, but then nervous exhaustion is much easier to treat. Often, people cope on their own or with the help of their relatives, describing the reasons that contributed to the occurrence of such an unpleasant illness.

Where did and how to get rid of?

A large number of symptoms that may indicate the development of neurasthenia is not accidental, because our body is a very complex system, which since its birth has been equipped with a large number of hidden resources. For a long time, we persistently use and expend them, working on weekends and after-hours, constantly experiencing nervous overvoltages, stresses and pressures that do not pass without a trace.

At some point, the body says “stop”, its internal reserve is empty, and we, of course, forgot to fill it up or did not have time.

Nervous exhaustion can have several stages, as well as be characterized by certain levels of complexity, in particularly serious cases, a qualified specialist must be engaged in treatment.

However, in the majority of nervous exhaustion you can get rid of yourself or resort to folk remedies.

Causes of nervous exhaustion

Constant stress is the reality of a modern, bustling life and nervous exhaustion often accompanies everything — workaholics, for whom work always comes first. This psycho-emotional state occurs when a combination of hard work with a more or less prolonged mental trauma and lack of quality sleep and rest.

The causes of nervous exhaustion are often overwork, in which an individual spends more energy than he is able to “accumulate” and therefore the body is depleted. It also concerns the nervous system.

Scientists have already proved that elevated mental and emotional stress, lack of rest and sleep, agitated state, bad habits, stress, and anxiety significantly tire the human brain. If the body does not take a breather, then the individual will emotionally “burn out” and nervous exhaustion will occur. Normally, an individual needs to alternate emotional discharge with mental activity, a state of excitement followed by inhibition and rest. Если этого не будет происходить, то велика вероятность развития нервного истощения и депрессий.

Нередко данное состояние возникает незаметно и выражается в виде небольшой усталости. Provided that if a person fatigue is ignored, then it gradually accumulates, and is accompanied by symptoms of nervous exhaustion. The more time passes, the more acute these symptoms become.

Symptoms of nervous exhaustion

The depletion of the nervous system is accompanied by the following symptoms:

- periodic migraines and headaches, which are squeezing in nature and occur at the slightest load,

- psychosomatic disorders. Symptoms are characterized by skin problems, unpleasant bodily sensations, visual disturbances, allergies, anorexia,

- Intimate disorders: erectile dysfunction - a decrease in men’s sexual desire to a complete loss, orgasmic dysfunction, which is observed in women as well as men,

- inability to concentrate. This symptom is characterized by difficulty in setting and understanding information,

- there are marked cardiac rhythm disorders, there are “jumps” in blood pressure, there is a feeling of cold and numbness in the limbs,

- digestive disorders, nausea, insomnia, vomiting, nightmares,

- there are violations of orientation and coordination in space, memory and speech,

- in some cases, nervous exhaustion may be accompanied by symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia: pressure fluctuations, palpitations, a slight decrease in body temperature (up to 35 degrees),

Signs of nervous exhaustion

For this psycho-emotional state characterized by the following signs:

- irritability. This symptom is characterized by a sharp, but short burst of anger. A person is literally annoyed by everything: close people, sounds, personal habits and habits of the people around him,

- impatience. The individual badly endures any, even minute, expectations

- hypersensitivity to light, sounds, smells,

- sleep disorders. With this symptom, it is difficult for an individual to fall asleep - sleep is superficial and disturbing, thoughts are spinning in his head, often nightmares occur. On waking you feel weakness and fatigue,

- low self-esteem. Ill perceives himself as a loser and becomes completely insecure,

- chronic fatigue, lethargy, weakness, fatigue, decrease in physical activity, a feeling of overwork, any movement needs incredible efforts,

- there is a constant need for rest, after which the state of health improves for a short period of time,

- attempts to engage in intellectual activity end in failure and all activities of such a plan are unproductive,

- a person in a relaxed atmosphere cannot relax,

- constant “nebula” of thoughts, difficulty remembering,

- negative emotions, doubts, low mood, constant anxiety, life is not happy.

Treatment of nervous exhaustion

The treatment of this psycho-emotional state should be approached comprehensively. But first, for effective treatment of the disorder, it is necessary to eliminate the causes that provoked it.

To speed up the treatment of nervous exhaustion, suffering from this disease, you should take breaks for outdoor activities while doing work, as well as properly organize your labor activities without getting tired.

Nervous exhaustion, how to recover? With proper treatment, the nervous disease passes rather quickly and the sick person recovers. But often people seek treatment not for a psychotherapist, but for doctors who treat only the consequences of this neurosis (exacerbation of chronic diseases, reduced immunity, etc.), and not the cause. And since the cause has not been eliminated, there is no complete recovery.
From the nervous exhaustion of the body, you can quickly recover if you normalize sleep. For early treatment, you should use the simple rules:

- get up at the same time in the morning,

- not to do other things in bed (reading, working at a laptop, eating, watching TV),

- should go to bed, only after the appearance of fatigue, - a person does not need to make efforts to fall asleep in bed, so you can not lie down and wait for sleep. If you can't fall asleep, it will be better to get up and do something,

- before bedtime, you should avoid taking alcohol, caffeine, a full meal,

- effective in the treatment of exercise, swimming, long walks in the fresh air,

- to establish a balanced and regular diet,

- practice relaxation, by which is meant everything that helps a person to relax: meditation, warm baths, hypnosis, listening to music with the sounds of nature, etc.
Nervous exhaustion of the body should not be underestimated, since this condition is capable of causing great harm to a person. Therefore, the treatment of this condition is not always quick and easy, in some cases requires inpatient treatment.

Drug therapy includes taking various drugs:

- drugs that restore brain cells,

The scourge of the 21st century nervous exhaustion - the main symptoms, signs and methods of treatment of neurosis

Have you come across such a thing as nervous exhaustion? The disease has Synonyms: asthenic neurosis, neurasthenia, nervous exhaustion, nervous weakness, chronic fatigue.

This is a form of neurosis that is very common in our modern world.

Defined as a type of psycho-emotional state, which occurs due to stress, increased intellectual or emotional stress. Nervous exhaustion (NI) can be considered both a symptom and a harbinger of deep depression.

This condition has a negative effect on cognitive abilities, memory, physical abilities and other biological indicators.

On the whole, NO prevents a person from working normally, relaxing, communicating with people - living!

What diseases can be confused with nervous exhaustion?

Symptoms of nervous exhaustion in women and men are often similar to such diseases:

  • eyesight: accommodation spasm,
  • infectious and skin diseases: chronic mononucleosis, herpes, neurodermatitis, psoriasis, tonsillitis (due to lack of immunity),
  • gynecology: cervical erosion, thrush,
  • musculoskeletal system: osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, muscle pain, joint problems,
  • cardiovascular system: arrhythmia, tachycardia, vegetative-vascular dystonia, dyscirculatory disturbance of the brain,
  • hematopoietic system: low hemoglobin,
  • endocrine disorders: diabetes, sexual dysfunction,
  • Gastrointestinal tract: functional disorders of the digestive system, nausea, vomiting, dysbacteriosis, chronic gastritis, ulcer.

It turns out that with neurasthenia, you can mistakenly go to a neurologist, therapist, oculist, dermatologist, orthopedist ... All these doctors are likely to see "their" disease and treat it.

However, this does not eliminate your problem and your overall condition is unlikely to improve. Cure one thing - failures in the body will not stop.

It is advisable to seek help from a competent psychotherapist if you know and realize that the causes of neurasthenia and truth are present in your life.

The consequences of nervous exhaustion

The state of the body after the onset of depletion will definitely affect the work of virtually all of its systems (selectively).

For comparison, consider whether the car can start without gasoline? Does the remote control work with dead batteries? Man, by nature, also "breaks down" when one of his systems exhausts his reserves.

However, many make certain volitional efforts, or by virtue of habit, lead a lifestyle that causes more and more harm every day.

Alas, we are not eternal, and nervous exhaustion also reaches its peak states:

  • apathetic depression, in which a person is not able to do anything,
  • exacerbation of chronic diseases
  • mental illness (up to serious, associated with violation of the personality or wrong perception of the world, manic, obsessive states),
  • suicide
  • social consequences: deterioration of relations with close people, problems at work,
  • the inability to live fully and happily.

There is a suspicion that no one wants such states for himself.

Of course, if you feel the first symptoms of nervous exhaustion, you should definitely begin treatment. However, it is much easier to do everything on its part so as not to acquire neurasthenia at all.

And believe me preventive measures are quite simple. They must become a habit of every person.

Preventive measures

recommendation: watch your states, make it so that your body is comfortable, your head is fresh and rested, in life there are enough reasons for joy.

And this is achievable under any conditions! A person is designed so that he can overcome a huge number of obstacles and maintain a positive attitude.

So you worth:

  • perform a moderate amount of exercise,
  • get enough sleep
  • to plan your day correctly: to set aside enough time for rest, relaxation,
  • try to go to bed before 12,
  • less time spent at the TV or computer,
  • get a hobby
  • experience more positive emotions, be indulgent towards people and treat with understanding (choose the right philosophy of life),
  • do not worry about small things - they are not worth it,
  • if you care about something in yourself (for example, excess weight) - do not engage in self-flagellation and self-healing, correct,
  • treat other diseases in a timely manner
  • get enough vitamins, give preference to healthy foods,
  • limit coffee consumption
  • leave work problems at work
  • try to master meditation, yoga,
  • communicate with friends and close relatives, they will help relieve any fatigue,
  • sometimes indulge yourself with salons, massages, shopping or other pleasant activities.

The main thing - take care of yourself and be attentive to all the signals of your body! Do not bring problems to the extreme!

Treatment of neurasthenia

Usually, the treatment of nervous exhaustion and the elimination of its effects and symptoms is carried out in a complex way. Doctors can prescribe herbs and medicines that normalize the activity of the nervous system.

But the main thing is qualitative change of habitual, harmful lifestyle.

This is a normal sleep, proper rest, healthy nutrition, elimination of stress factors, water procedures, a diet (not for weight loss, but just the exclusion of harmful products from the diet), regular holidays.

If you love and respect yourself, do not run problems and do not drive yourself to work, then health will not suffer.

Do not be an enemy to yourself!

Nervous exhaustion: a vicious circle?

Nervous exhaustion - not just a disgusting state of mind, which "by itself" evaporate with the rays of the morning sun. Nervous exhaustion with chronic fatigue tends to accumulate and result in serious psychosomatic disorders.

Doctors often mention the comic "law of the halves": half of the patients do not know about their illness, the second half that knows about it is not treated. Moreover, of those who are still being treated, half of them take medications from time to time, that is, they are not being treated effectively.

The result of a disregard for oneself is nervous exhaustion, which can literally bring a person to the pen. Moreover, the longer it is not to pay attention to one's health and to delay treatment, the nervous exhaustion that accompanies chronic fatigue syndrome can turn into long trips to the psychotherapist - if not to the whole cohort of doctors.

Nervous exhaustion: it is not only the body that is ill

For some reason, people think that since nothing hurts them and does not fall off, they are healthy. Well, or "conditionally healthy." They just forget the proverb “In a healthy body is a healthy mind,” which vividly illustrates how closely the psyche and organs of a person are interconnected. For example, nervous exhaustion with chronic fatigue can result in serious neurosis.

In this form of nervous exhaustion, psychic pathology is advanced in the first place, which manifests itself in impaired functioning of certain internal organs. Previously, all the variety of pathological manifestations that occurred during nervous exhaustion were united by the terms "vegetative neurosis", "vegetative dystonia" and or "neurocirculatory dystonia".

Chronic pain syndromes of a psychogenic nature were also included there.

Nervous exhaustion is a very common disease that is most afflicting urban residents who are experiencing a lack of physical activity and, conversely, an excess of stress.

This disease is also “popular” because very few people in daily bustle pay attention to such symptoms of nervous exhaustion as weakness, persistent fatigue, memory impairment, depressed mood, and depression.

Having dismissed the symptoms of nervous exhaustion and trying to live a normal life and work in the same mode, a person as a result brings to the extreme degree of nervous exhaustion.

Nervous exhaustion can destroy a huge piece of a person’s life: he inadequately responds to the situation, is unable to give it an objective assessment, often cannot cope with everyday tasks ... Nervous exhaustion disrupts many functions of higher nervous activity and develops depression.

Nervous exhaustion and sexual function

Nervous exhaustion against the background of chronic fatigue is often accompanied by latent depression that occurs with disorders in the sexual sphere.

With this form of nervous exhaustion, patients can mark periods in their lives when they are not at all interested in the opposite sex.

Nervous exhaustion is manifested not only in sexual "indifference", but also a complete inability to enjoy intimate communication.

So, with nervous exhaustion on the background of chronic fatigue, women may develop frigidity, and men - impotence (erectile dysfunction).

After the depressive episode, the man (woman) again feels capable of a sexual “feat”, but then again there comes a period of decline in sexual activity.

Tellingly, other symptoms of nervous exhaustion do not disappear even when the sexual function "returns to normal."

Nervous exhaustion: to be treated

Nervous exhaustion, as well as the accompanying disorders of the intellect, psyche, illness and injuries, are treated with the help of specially created drugs.

Nervous exhaustion gently eliminates nootropic drugs - a group of drugs that have a positive effect on higher brain functions.

And although such drugs are known and used for nervous exhaustion and neurological diseases for a long time, the use of different representatives of this group has its own characteristics and reveals different degrees of effectiveness.

The range of action of some nootropics of the new generation (such as pramiracetam - Pramistar) extends beyond the fight against nervous exhaustion: they not only increase the brain's resistance to damaging factors, but also facilitate the learning process, stimulating intellectual function, improve memory. Receiving the nootropics of the last generation has a positive effect on the state of mind - the mood rises, since Pramistar has a pronounced anti-depressive effect. Thus, prolonged use of Pramistar leads to a steady increase in the level of beneficial neurotransmitters in the brain - serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine, which directly improve the patient's mental state, and indirectly have a positive effect on the physical. Nervous exhaustion and chronic fatigue subside after 4–8 weeks after starting treatment.

It is important to emphasize that the antidepressant effect developed in parallel with the nootropic action aimed at improving cognitive functions. At the same time, PRAMISTAR differs from classical antidepressants in the absence of undesirable effects that can adversely affect the course of the underlying disease.

Side effects of antidepressants can be: drowsiness or insomnia, irritability, headache, tremor, dizziness, nightmares, arrhythmia, severe hypotension or vasospasm, abnormal liver function, diarrhea, fecal incontinence.

This becomes the main reason for the frequent (up to 80%) refusal to continue treatment with antidepressant drugs.

Even safer antidepressants of new generations can not always be recommended in neurological practice due to the presence of certain patients' resistance to their action, the manifestation in some patients of such undesirable phenomena as retardation, weight gain, sexual dysfunction - decreased libido, impotence, orgasm disorder. It is in such patients that the administration of Pramistar, which has a mild antidepressant effect against the background of a pronounced nootropic effect, may become the optimal alternative to treatment.

Depletion of the nervous system: symptoms

Human ambitions force each individual to exert increased efforts to achieve their goals.

Increased physical exertion and emotional instability against the background of the influence of stressful conditions lead to the fact that a person becomes a hostage to his own diseases..

Появление различных заболеваний на фоне хронической усталости является одним из симптомов истощения организма. Let's look at what is nervous exhaustion and how this disease manifests itself.

Nervous exhaustion is called a very dangerous form of neurotic state.

Principles of the nervous system

The human nervous system is divided into two categories: central and peripheral. These systems work closely with the autonomic system, which is independent.

This system is used for a peculiar response of the body to the effects of various stimuli. Prolonged fatigue and frequent stressful situations lead to damage to the vegetative nerve fibers.

The central nervous system is also closely interconnected with various parts of the brain. Thanks to this system, the orders of the brain are reproduced in the form of various gestures and movements.

In the human body is a real storehouse of energy resources. Even after prolonged physical exertion, most people can find the strength to get home.

Considering this fact, it can be said that the human brain is able to control the central nervous system even under extreme loads.

However, the human brain is not able to interact with the vegetative system.

This explains the fact that a person is not able to force his heart to beat several times faster by force of thought or slow his pace.

It is also impossible to significantly reduce body temperature by physical exertion. These reactions are the result of the work of the vegetative system, which is in no way connected with human consciousness.

The activity of the higher nervous system is manifested in the form of mental reactions that are subject to certain parts of the brain.

Through this relationship, a person can control the feeling of anger and other emotions.

Given all of the above, you can draw a line and say that the therapy of depletion of the nervous system should be aimed at restoring the work of the brain.

Nervous exhaustion in medicine is usually interpreted as asthenic neurosis, accompanied by a variety of mental and somatic symptoms.

The cause and nature of the disease

The modern life rhythm causes a person to experience constant stress due to the presence of many issues that require urgent solutions. Such a lifestyle leads to the fact that the human body begins to work at its limits.

However, sooner or later, energy resources are running out, which leads to disastrous consequences. First of all, fatigue affects the state of the nervous system.

Increased loads lead to the launch of certain mechanisms that protect the immune and vascular systems, as well as the heart muscle from possible malfunctions.

Moral depletion develops under the influence of nerve loads, as well as physical and emotional stress. A separate role in this issue is assigned to a lack of rest and frequent stress.

Mental exhaustion can be the result of exposure to the body of infectious agents and somatic diseases. In addition to all of the above, the daily diet and the level of toxins in the body is quite important.

The first signs of overwork are manifested in the form of tiredness and increased irritability.

Loosened nervous system reacts to the influence of various factors, which leads to its constant arousal. That is why, in this state, most people experience problems with sleep and good rest.

At a certain stage of development of the disease, a person ceases to receive satisfaction from his own life.

In order to somehow diversify their own emotions, people begin to use potent drugs, soft drugs and alcohol.

However, such actions further destroy the nervous system, which can cause the development of mental disorders.

Signs of nervous exhaustion and depression are divided into external and internal group. The external group includes unreasonable aggression, irritability and loss of concentration. The inner group of symptoms manifests itself in the form of two radically different states:

  1. Inhibition of the nervous system - in this state, the patient shows indifference to what is happening around, suffers from apathy, anxious thoughts and feelings of guilt.
  2. Nervous system nervousness - in this state, the patient exhibits increased physical and behavioral activity, which is chaotic. Most often, the patient is not aware of the presence of health problems, which can significantly complicate the course of the disease.

The presence of the above symptoms is a good reason to conduct a diagnostic examination of the body. Otherwise, insufficient attention to such signals of the body can cause the appearance of physiological signs of overwork.

Nervous exhaustion of the human body is a condition that occurs under the action of chronic pathological factors, increased psycho-emotional, mental, intellectual stress, stress

Physical disorders in the internal organs

One of the most common manifestations of nervous exhaustion is a malfunction of the cardiovascular system. Constant overwork and lack of proper rest leads to blood pressure jumps and the appearance of arrhythmias.

Against the background of such disorders, patients experience a hypertensive crisis, which causes sleep problems and constant headaches. The consequences of exhaustion of the nervous system are manifested in the form of a decrease in the quality of the immune system.

Most often, impaired immunity leads to dysbacteriosis, as well as colds and infectious diseases.

Many patients have problems with the work of the digestive organs. Diseases such as gastritis and gastric ulcer are far from the most dangerous complications of nervous exhaustion. The above diseases are only a kind of "tip of the iceberg." Delay in seeking qualified medical assistance can lead to various mental disorders.

In this state, a person gradually moves away from their loved ones, preferring to spend his free time alone. Against the background of mental instability, manic ideas, various phobias and even personal degradation develop. Such problems cannot be solved on their own, but in this situation only a small part of patients find the strength to ask for help.

Mental exhaustion leads to the fact that a person loses full control over the situation.

The longer the treatment is absent, the more the nervous system suffers. According to experts, many patients seek medical help at the stage of the disease when irreversible changes develop in the nervous system.

In order to put in order the psycho-emotional balance of the patient is not enough ordinary measures. In this situation, it is necessary to use potent drugs that have a certain impact on the psyche.

In order to avoid the development of such events, one should pay as much attention to one’s own health as possible. Remember that stressful situations harden the body, only in the case of metered intake.

In order to normalize the state of the nervous system, more time should be devoted to maintaining vitality. Soothe shattered nerves can be due to relaxation techniques, visiting the pools and going out into the countryside.

In order to protect your body from the damaging effects of stress, you should learn to pay attention only to the primary tasks.

The causes of nervous exhaustion can be a variety of

Clinical picture

For a start it should be noted that the symptoms of nervous exhaustion in women are observed much more often in comparison with men..

The reason for such a prevalence lies in the fact that in addition to work responsibilities, women place various domestic burdens on their shoulders.

The female body, under the influence of heavy intellectual and physical exertion, begins to give various signals about failures. Exacerbation of chronic diseases or infection with viruses can aggravate the situation.

Most often, emotional exhaustion of the nervous system is manifested in the form of depression, drowsiness and fatigue, as well as problems with concentration. In the case of a severe disorder of the nervous system, a person experiences problems with sleep, which leads to increased irritability.

According to experts, the very depletion of the nervous system does not pose a danger to the human body. However, the consequences of failures in the central nervous system can be disastrous. That is why it is very important to find moments for good rest in order to replenish energy resources.

It is important to note the fact that the rate of recovery of nerve endings is very small.

According to medical records, the recovery rate is about one millimeter of nerves within thirty days.

That is why it is very important to start treating the disease at an early stage of development. To date, there are many techniques that allow you to restore the energy resources of the body.

Conservative treatment methods

Considering the topic of how symptoms of nervous exhaustion and the treatment of pathology appear, special attention should be paid to therapy. The conservative method of treatment of the condition under consideration implies an integrated approach with the use of drugs belonging to the following groups:

  1. Brain stimulating nootropic drugs - "Cerakson", "Pantogam."
  2. Vasodilators to improve blood circulation, as well as eliminating pain syndrome - “Tanakan”, “Mexidol”.
  3. Complexes of vitamins that increase metabolism in the cells of the nervous system - vitamins from group "B".
  4. Sedative drugs that eliminate insomnia and normalize the work of the autonomic system - Motherwort, Valerian.

The state of the body after the onset of depletion will definitely affect the work of virtually all of its systems.

Application of folk therapy methods

Eliminate fatigue can be using decoctions and tinctures based on medicinal herbs. These herbs include motherwort and valerian. To prepare the broth, you need to take a few teaspoons of dried grass, then pour boiling water over it.

Strengthen the action of the above herbs, you can prepare a kind of "cocktail". To do this, brew a glass of herbs, then mix the liquid. It is very important to mix broths, only after they are infused.

With a mild form of the disease, the mixture should be used no more than twice a day.

In order to strengthen the nervous system, a small amount of natural honey should be consumed daily. The average daily dose required for the normal functioning of internal organs and systems is about forty grams.

Often the causes of depletion of the nervous system associated with a lack of nutrients in the brain. In order to normalize metabolism, you should eat as much fresh vegetables and fruits as possible, which contain vitamins and fructose.

Symptoms, treatment and prevention of nervous exhaustion

It has been scientifically proven that the strength and weakness of the nervous system is a congenital indicator. The strength of the nervous system determines how a person is able to withstand the load, while not going into a state of inhibition.

A really strong nervous system can withstand a sufficiently long period of time emotional arousal. Cell energy is not consumed too quickly and efficiently. There is a natural inhibition of the processes taking place, and with it the protective functions of the nervous system are activated.

Thus, a person for a long time can tolerate stress and does not come irritability.

People who have a weak nervous system cannot wait, they don’t grasp new information and try to transfer it to almost everyone they meet, since it’s hard for them to keep it in themselves.

A person with a weak nervous system cannot physically tolerate strong stimuli, and fatigue of nerve centers occurs.

He can immediately turn off (there is a strong inhibitory process) or, on the contrary, inhibition does not have time to cope with arousal and then a person can do a lot of stupid acts.

Nervous weakness has a high sensitivity (sensitivity) and can distinguish weak signals - this is its main advantage.

To say with complete certainty which nervous system is better is impossible. People with a strong nervous system can memorize and process a large amount of information. They are good performers and can do a lot of work, but tasks must be given from simple to complex. They delve into work for a long time, but if necessary they can do it for a long period of time.

People who have neuropsychiatry quickly adapt to different situations, but at the same time, if they are influenced by strong stimuli, they cannot cope with arousal. Tasks must be given from difficult to simple, as they spend more of the cellular energy, are good managers and natural leaders.

The main manifestations of nervous exhaustion

Despite the difficulty of diagnosis, there are certain symptoms that can certainly determine a given human condition.

  1. Irritability. A person becomes nervous, annoyed, even if he expects something for a short period of time.
  2. Anger. The slightest reason leads to an evil, irritable state.
  3. Low self-esteem. It creates the wrong feeling that all the failures that occur around a person were made by him, and he is the main misunderstanding in this world. Faith in one’s own strength and the possibility of successfully completing the cause are lost
  4. It was a pity for her person, anxiety and a whiny mood.
  5. Insomnia. A person is tormented by fatigue, he is not constantly getting enough sleep and cannot fall asleep because of the constant thoughts that he is tirelessly disturbing.
  6. Decreased performance. A person is subject to rapid fatigue, can not concentrate.
  7. Feeling broken.

Increased nervousness in adolescents

Neurosis in adolescence (photo: all-panic attacks.rf)

Often, people are used to seeing young people cheerful and active. However, quite often there are people who are closed in themselves, passive and poorly withstand even minimal emotional stress.

Hung fatigue and nervousness in adolescents is a completely natural state during puberty. You must not forget about the psychological situation at home.

It plays a key role in the formation of the child’s nervous system.

When a tired teenager suffers from increased nervousness, his body turns on a kind of protective mechanism, for example, it may sleep too long.

Excessive fatigue can also be associated with improper metabolism.

If the processing of nutrients occurs too quickly, they are not converted into energy, thus the body even from the most insignificant load begins to tire.

These children need to pay special attention, because the constant nervousness can lead to serious illnesses. Well strengthens the nervous system of a teenager - mode.

But at the same time, it is necessary to take into account certain inclinations of the child, not to force him to do what he does not like or cannot do. It is not recommended to introduce into the life of a teenager a drastic change. In this case, the nervous system can not withstand.

Everything a child does should be under his control and not overwork.

Preventive measures to prevent nervous exhaustion

Prevention of nervous exhaustion (photo: narod-lekar.ru)

First of all, you need to monitor your health, everything should be done to make the body feel comfortable. You need to rest for a sufficient amount of time, your head should be fresh and rested. Try to bring into your life more reasons for joy that will help maintain a positive attitude in different life situations.

Preventive measures are as follows:

  • Do not overload yourself with work. You should do as much work as your body perceives,
  • proper organization of the day
  • make time for a good rest and entertainment,
  • go to bed no later than midnight
  • try to spend less time near the computer and TV,
  • Hobbies are a great distraction from everyday life
  • get more positive emotions, irritability from this disappears,
  • treat people better, choose the right priorities in life,
  • you should not be nervous because of small things, because they are not worth it, but it is very difficult to return health,
  • if a person is not satisfied with something in himself, you do not need to engage in self-flagellation, but you just need to correct this defect,
  • not to start the diseases, but to treat them,
  • получать достаточное для нормального функционирования организма количество витаминов,
  • медитация и йога позитивно влияют на нервную систему.

Главное – нужно следить за своим организмом и чувствовать его, быть внимательным ко всем сигналам, которые он подает. It is much better to prevent poor condition than to take it to the extreme.

Drug treatment of nervous exhaustion

Medications for treatment (photo: 24doctor.info)

If the nervous exhaustion has come, it is necessary to appear to the neurologist. He will determine the current state of affairs and prescribe the correct treatment. Sometimes you need the help of a psychologist, or depending on the situation of the psychoanalyst, psychotherapist, etc., which will determine the cause of this condition and help get rid of it.

In most cases, prescribed medication. The necessary therapeutic measures should be carried out exclusively by a medical specialist, as they can affect each person in different ways and, instead of the expected benefits, your body can be harmed.

  1. To relieve vascular spasms and oxygen starvation of the brain, doctors prescribe such pharmaceutical preparations as Ginko-biloba, Betaserk, Tanakan.
  2. In the case of a neglected state, the doctor may prescribe Alezepil, Tenoten, Cerakson. It must be borne in mind that these are strong drugs that have a positive effect on brain cells and relieve irritability. Before taking them, it is necessary to consult a specialist.
  3. If recovery of the nervous system is required, then it is recommended to take vitamins of group B. For this, you can use various vitamin-mineral complexes in which they are composed. For example, Milgamma Compositum, Neyrobion, Neuromultivit, Polinervin, Unigamma, etc.
  4. In the case of intense, intellectual work, sedatives can be assigned individually. It should be borne in mind that the drugs among themselves are different chemical structure, so everyone needs a calming, which is right for him. From among such can act Sedistress, Persen, Novo-Passit, etc., which belong to medicines of plant origin.
  5. When the patient’s condition is not critical, acupuncture sessions, massage and physiotherapy are prescribed.

Most doctors are not supporters of medical treatment, as some pharmaceutical drugs have a bad effect on brain cells.

The feeling of tiredness and irritability adversely affect a person and his environment. It is not necessary to allow nervous exhaustion, it is much easier to prevent it than to treat it with medications or other means.

You should try to look at the world easier, do not overwork at work and give your body the right to complete rest.

By following simple rules, you can avoid this negative phenomenon, which is often found in modern life.

Balanced diet

Emotional state depends on nutrition, lack of useful components leads to mental disorders. Regular consumption of vitamins and trace elements helps to improve the nervous system.

Make a variety of daily menu, which should consist of plant foods, cereals and seafood. Forget about simple carbohydrates, fatty foods, pickles, convenience foods, sausages, sweets, alcoholic beverages.

What to remember

The following rules will help to keep your mental balance.

  1. Alternate work with rest.
  2. Ensure a good sleep, lack of sleep leads to irritation and other problems. Eat right.
  3. Be active. Exercise, exercise reduces stress.

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