It is very important that from a very early age a child develops actively, learns everything that he later needs to be useful in adult life and reading, of course, is no exception. Why is it so important for a child to learn this skill as soon as possible?
Yes, at least in order to enter a good school, learn to navigate the ocean of various information and, of course, over time, become an educated and comprehensively developed person, and without reading this, as you know, cannot be achieved exactly.
Previously, it was easier for parents, mostly they started reading right in primary school, but today, in order to enter a good and prestigious school, it is important to learn to read before the first interview, at least fluently. And here a very serious and complicated question arises before parents: how can you teach a child to read?
Lesson is not easy, and the little fidget rarely shows interest in this skill, rather, on the contrary, the parents, in pursuit of the bright future of their offspring, try, as early as possible, to teach him to put letters into syllables, and syllables into words, but sometimes completely, immediately cover whole words and sentences.
Often, young parents are very afraid of “not having time”, because in the modern world of information, many new-fashioned methods have appeared that promise to teach your child to read almost from the cradle.
The question immediately arises, is it real? And is it worth it from the very early age to “grind out” your child with difficult exercises for him, if the time comes when he can understand and accept it much easier and faster? Recently, fashionable techniques that dictate the rules of early reading, because of which there are 3 and even 2-year-old children, who are already reading well, albeit fluently, are very popular.
But is everything so good, because such methods are not so many years old, and only in recent years interesting facts began to appear: children, who learned to read so early, later showed problems in social development.
There are also such situations: children read very well, but they completely do not understand the meaning of what they read, they cannot do not just retell the text, and cannot even say in a few words what it is about. And, as it turned out later, the fault of all is overly early learning to read.
No, of course, there are children who, from an early age, strive for this themselves, now and then ask to say what the letter is and how a specific word is read. Needless to say, you can not worry, because here reading has become their own task and desire, which will not affect the formation of other life skills. So how do you know at what age it is time to start teaching your child to put syllables into words?
When can I start?
In fact, there is no specific age, at the onset of which the child urgently needs to be taught to read, each child is individual and that which is subject to one child at 4 years old, for another, is given with difficulty at 5 years old.
Experts say that, on average, a favorable age for such a process is 5-6 years, although, again, it is necessary to carefully monitor your child and his behavior. What should I look for?
- It’s time to learn to read when the kid puts words into sentences, speaks clearly and can tell a little story about a particular situation or a movie he likes.
- In order for a child to easily add letters in syllables, it is necessary to make sure that his developed phonemic hearing is developed. This means that he understands what sounds the word consists of. To do this, you can try the following exercise: name several syllables in a row, for example, “sa-ha-sa” and make sure that the child repeats them exactly.
- The child is not confused in space: he knows exactly where is “left”, and where is “right”, “top” and “bottom”.
- A child should not have serious speech problems, it interferes with the correct reading and, naturally, violates the phonemic hearing.
If all these conditions are met, and your child has long been interested in the content of the booklet rather than its pictures, then it’s just the time to begin the first reading lessons.
Remember that in order for everything to go smoothly, you must follow the basic rules: if the parents have already started to engage with the child, then they should do it steadily, without huge gaps between classes. The second rule: all classes should take place in the form of a game; if you teach a child to read from under a stick, then most likely you will discourage any desire to touch books altogether for the future.
How to start learning?
There are various teaching methods, which one to choose for one’s children, the business is of course a master's, but what’s interesting is that most parents try popular and fashionable ways, and as a result, they still return to the old and proven ones - Bukvaryu and Azbuka. There are several basic techniques:
- Alphabet and ABC book. These are the books that we and our parents studied according to, everything is simple: in the ABC, each letter is supplemented with a companion picture, thanks to which it is easier to remember them. In Bukvare, letters are formed into syllables, various exercises and combinations of letters are listed there: “but-na-but-well,” and so on. Such techniques are easiest to learn for children with an analytical mindset, right-handed.
- Method of whole words. It was invented by G. Doman, it consists in the following: children, starting from two months of age, are shown cards with words and sentences, and the mother reads them out loud during this “lesson”.
- Method Zaitseva. The child learns the syllable with the help of colored cubes, which he later begins to put into words.
There are many other ways, which one is the most correct, hard to say, there are pros and cons everywhere. For example, it is believed that the method of G. Doman is more suitable for the English language, where words practically do not lean, and the sentences do not have such a complex grammar as in Russian.
But there is another problem with cubes: children are so accustomed to using cubes for folding words, which, over time, they begin to refuse to talk out loud, and all the time they put together sentences from cubes. The “grandfather's” method with ABCs and Primers is more complicated than the others, but, nevertheless, quite effective.
How to teach a child to read using the game?
You can try the game form, which, in the opinion of many experts, will most quickly help to achieve a positive result. Start learning with vowels, they are smaller, they stretch well and the process does not take much time: prepare 10 identical circles, enter 1 letter each and hang them around the house.
Periodically ask the child to name the letter in a particular circle, point out the error and pronounce the correct sound, periodically change the letters.
When the vowels are finished, we turn to the consonants: it’s better to start by 1 letter, try to figure out what the letter looks like, for example, “M” - swing, “P” - door, etc. Try, for a start, to memorize short words as well as syllables, read them yourself and ask them to repeat the child. Gradually introduce new consonants, increase the length of words. This technique easily solves the problem of unwillingness to learn.
Do not forget to motivate the child: read books to him, choose those that are interesting to him, and to increase interest, stop at interesting places, thereby motivating the child to finish reading on his own.
On the street, read along the signs, the inscriptions on the bottles or on candy from candy. Thus, you yourself will not notice how quickly and easily your baby will master the basic elements of reading.
How to understand that it is time: signs of psychological readiness
- The child is fluent in sentences and understands the meaning of what has been said.
- The child distinguishes sounds (what speech therapists call a developed phonemic hearing). Simply put, the baby will easily understand by ear house and bow, And where - Tom and Luke.
- Your child utters all sounds and has no speech therapy problems.
- The child understands the direction: left-right, top-bottom. Omit the moment that adults are often confused right and left. For learning to read it is important that the baby can follow the text from left to right and from top to bottom.
Show that there are letters everywhere
Play the game. Let the child find the letters that surround him on the street and at home. These are the names of the stores, and the reminders on the information boards, and even the traffic light messages: sometimes, the inscription “Go” lights up in green, and in red - “Wait so many seconds”.
And play again. Put cubes with letters and syllables, make up words, ask your child to read you some kind of signboard or inscription on the packaging in the store.
Alphabet and ABC
The traditional, but the longest way. The difference between these books is that the alphabet reinforces each letter with a mnemonic picture: on the page with B the drum will be drawn, and next to YU - Yule. The ABC helps to memorize letters and - often - interesting poems, but does not teach to read.
The alphabet consistently teaches a child to combine sounds into syllables, and syllables into words. This process is complex and requires perseverance.
There are quite a few copyright primers. According to the books of Nadezhda Betenkova, Vseslav Goretsky, Dmitry Fonin, Natalia Pavlova, children can study with their parents before school and in the first grade.
Parents agree that one of the most understandable methods for teaching preschoolers is the primer of Nadezhda Zhukova. The author simply explains the most difficult thing for a child: how to turn letters into syllables, how to read Mamarather than start calling individual letters me-a-me-a.
If a child learns letters and syllables consistently when training in primer, then in 52 Zaitsev's cubes he is given access to everything at once: a separate letter or combinations of a consonant and a vowel, a consonant and a hard or soft sign.
A child effortlessly assimilates the differences between deaf and voiced sounds, because the cubes with deaf consonants are filled with wood, and the cubes with voiced sounds are filled with metal.
Cubes differ in size. On large depicted solid warehouses, on small - soft. The author of the technique explains this by the fact that when we pronounce on (solid storage), the mouth opens wide, neither (soft warehouse) - lips in a half smile.
The kit includes tables with warehouses that the parent sings (yes, yes, does not speak, but sings) to his child.
The child quickly masters warehouse reading with the help of cubes, but can begin to swallow endings and will face difficulties already at school when parsing words by composition.
"Skladushki" and "Teremki" Vyacheslav Voskobovich
In “Skladushki”, Vyacheslav Voskobovich reworked the idea of Zaitsev: on the 21 card all the warehouses of the Russian language are presented with cute thematic pictures. Included - a disc with songs, the texts of which go under each picture.
"Folds" are well suited for children who like to look at pictures. Each of them is a reason to discuss with the child where the kitten is, what the puppy is doing, where the bug has flown.
You can teach a child using these cards from the age of three. It should be noted that the author of the methodology does not consider it necessary Vyacheslav Voskobovich: “How to keep the child in you? Play! ”Boost early development.
The “towers” of Voskobovich consist of 12 wooden cubes-towers with consonants and 12 cardboard cubes-trunks with vowels. First, the child gets acquainted with the alphabet and tries with the help of parents to come up with words that begin with each of the letters.
Then it is time to learn the syllables. In the teremok with the letter M embedded BUT - and it turns out the first syllable ma. From several teremkov can lay out the words. Training is built on the game. So, when replacing the vowel house will turn into smoke.
You can start playing teremki with two years. At the same time, the parents will not be left alone with the cubes: the set includes a manual with a detailed description of the methodology and options for games.
Dynamic cubes Chaplygin
The manual of Evgeny Chaplygin includes 10 cubes and 10 mobile blocks. Each dynamic block consists of a pair - a consonant and a vowel. The task of the child is to twist the cubes and find a pair.
At the initial stage, as with any other method of teaching reading in stores, the child makes up the simplest words of repeated syllables: ma-ma, pa-pa, ba-ba. Involved motility helps to quickly memorize the outline of letters, and the search for already familiar syllables turns into an exciting game. The manual is attached to the cubes with a description of the methodology and words that can be compiled.
The optimal age for classes is 4–5 years. You can start earlier, but only in the format of the game.
American doctor Glenn Doman suggests teaching children not to single letters or even syllables, but words entirely. Parents call and show the child the words on the cards for 1-2 seconds. In this case, the baby is not required to repeat what he heard.
Classes start with 15 cards with the most simple concepts like mothers and dads. Gradually, the number of words increases, already learned ones leave the set, and the child begins to learn word combinations: for example, color + object, size + object.
How to understand that the child understood and remembered the visual image of the word, if the author of the methodology recommends starting classes from birth? It is worth paying attention to the important detail that parents miss in an attempt to make the child the smartest, most developed, the most.
Glenn Doman in “Harmonious development of the child” strongly emphasizes that there is no need to arrange tests and tests for the child: the kids do not like this and lose interest in classes.
It is better to remember 50 cards out of 100 than 10 out of 10.
But given that parents will not be able to not check, he advises, if desired, and the readiness of the child to play the game. For example, you can put several cards and ask to bring some one or point to it.
Today, psychologists, neuroscientists Steven Novella, MD, "Psychomotor Patterning" and American Academy of Pediatrics pediatricians "The Doman-Delacato Treatment of Neurologically Handicapped Children" agree that the Doman method is not aimed at learning to read, but at the mechanical memorization of visual images of words . The child is the object of learning and is almost deprived of the opportunity to learn something on their own.
It is also worth adding: in order to go to the stage of reading in Doman, parents need to prepare cards with all (!) Words that are found in a particular book.
6. Montessori reading
Montessori reading comes from the opposite: first we write and only then we read. Letters are the same pictures, so you first need to learn how to draw them and only then do the pronunciation and reading. Children begin by tracing and shading letters and, thanks to this, memorize their style. When several vowels and consonants have been studied, they proceed to the first simple words.
Much attention is paid to the tactile component, so children can literally touch the alphabet, carved out of rough or velvety paper.
The value of the technique lies in learning through the game. So, you can put a rough letter and a plate with a semolina in front of the child and suggest to circle the sign with your finger first, and then repeat it on the semolina.
Difficulty for parents is the purchase or procurement of a significant amount of handouts.
On the Internet and on posters touting “povozvashki”, you will be offered super-modern methods of teaching your child to read at three, two years or even from birth. But let's be realistic: we need a happy mother a year, and not developing classes.
The myth that after three is already late, is firmly laid in the minds and hearts of tired parents and is actively fueled by marketers.
As one, the authors of methods insist that the most natural process of knowledge for a child is through the game, and not through classes in which the parent plays the role of a strict controller. Your main learning aid is the curiosity of the child himself.
Some children will study for six months and begin to read at three, others must wait a couple of years to learn in just a month. Repeat the interests of the child. If he likes books and pictures, then primers and Folds will come to the rescue. If he is fidget, then cubes and the Montessori system will help.
In learning to read everything is simple and difficult at the same time. If a child often sees you with a book, you have a tradition to read before bedtime, your chances to interest your child in reading will increase significantly.
Tell us in the comments how you learn to read and what favorite books of your children.
Secrets of learning to read at home
Do you read to your child for the night? A simple question, and it is this habit that makes it possible to inculcate a love of reading from a young age. Which is better to choose bedtime stories for children, we will analyze in detail with the names and titles of fairy tales.
The pros and cons of reading bedtime stories are posted here, as well as various aspects of this teaching methodology.
A great ally in games is any material that is at home. Let's take a look at how to play counting sticks and apply for learning to read.
And it may happen that the child will not have time, then the teacher will tell you, study at home, because the child does not read.
The reading technique will be checked to determine how many words per minute it is reading. And the requirements are quite specific and measurable class 1 - 30 words per minute, 2 - 36, 4 - 100 to 120.
Отсюда сами выбирайте учить или нет ребенка читать дома, но помните, нельзя привить ребенку любовь к чтению, если вы сами не читаете.
Ребенок учится тому, что видит у себя в дому!
Давайте разберем, как научить ребенка дошкольника читать быстро, правильно и легко по слогам, а также читать бегло целые слова в домашних условиях.
Когда можно начинать учить ребенка читать?
- Ребенок четко и правильно выговаривает буквы, и слова без ошибок и чисто, т.е. без дефектов.
- When he already knows a few letters. You began to study them when he showed interest in them himself, and not at 3 or 2 years, when a friend said that they were already learning the letters.
- When he easily recognizes them in any variant of writing.
- He does not confuse them and clearly distinguishes O from A and K from G.
- With joy sculpts them, draws or plays with them.
- Learn the letters exclusively starting with the vowels and then moving to the study of consonants.
- Be careful when uttering letters, sounds. Pronounce consonants without vowels.
Video tutorials on how to properly prepare for teaching parents:
Important hidden difficulties
The desire of parents to teach is usually poured into a copy of the school when the child is sitting motionless at the table, and you explain as a teacher, but this is fundamentally not a correct idea.
It is better when the training is in the form of a game, let the child be a teacher, so he will learn many times more.
Play when you have free time, 5 minutes is enough for the child to learn in practice many times more than 30 minutes of training in the usual for us understanding.
Deciding to teach your child to read, parents face various difficulties, and among the most common are:
- letters that are not properly memorized using audio booklets or books, for example, often weighing tables are pronounced not M and IU, not P, but PE.
- the child does not understand how to connect them,
- The special difficulty is caused by om, mind, aw when the vowels go before the consonants,
- starting to read words of 5-6 letters, the child forgets the beginning of a word.
What to do with this nightmare, and most importantly how?
- Start to make out that the child does not understand.
- To read only 2-3 letters, the size (table of syllables) is the best helper. It is on our website, and it can also be purchased as a book version.
- Engage in no more than 15 minutes a day, in the game and with joy.
- Praise for the slightest success.
- Show your baby why he needs this skill. For example, ask to read the name of the store, street, etc.
- Criticize using the scheme PDA - a compliment, a program, a compliment. How well done you read everything correctly, I made a little mistake, but then I did it, I am proud of you!
- To move from simple to complex, until the child reads 2-3 syllables with ease, you can’t go on to reading words!
- The list of games in which it is necessary to play letters so that the child understands that it is easy and simple.
Pros and cons of learning to read a child at home:
- if you overdo it and the child learns more than just reading, he will not be interested in the lessons,
- it is necessary to teach correct reading, hence the name of the letters is correct, not BE, but B, etc.
How to teach a child to read at 6 years of age at home quickly and in a playful way?
The fastest method always has a lot of minuses and among them, the fact that the child also begins to quickly forget all this.
So start today, because even a very busy mom or dad can find 15 minutes a day. The child will learn in a playful way much easier and without coercion and tears.
Always begin any activity with the words: And let's play the game ...
Games that will develop your child's reading skills constantly:
- what letters hid in the picture
- draw a letter and paint it, a letter with eyes, arms, legs,
- make a letter of plasticine, clay, dough,
- folded the letters from the mosaic,
- cut out of paper and cardboard to play role-playing games, for example, M is the mother, and P the letter is the father, and they also have D — daughter and C — son or by name. You play a familiar game, just call it as if by the name of P, M or D, S. (It could be such games: fire station, construction, repair of cars, school, kindergarten, concert, journey ...)
- playing the letter lotto,
- while walking down the street call 5 words on the letter A or any other that you teach.
- add up to 3-4 letters from a letter
- from the big word we put small words,
- the words on the contrary, you say the word on the contrary, and the child rearranges and calls correctly Okha - Ear, Thor - Mouth.
- to draw letters on semolina or any other croup and not to finish drawing to guess what letter.
Video dedicated to learning to read in the game:
You can meet this wording: how to teach a child - a boy of a dunce to read at 6 years old at home?
Gluing labels to a child is fundamentally wrong, so let's call him a little smart or addicted to anything other than reading.
The task is to captivate him, ask what is interesting to him?
Do not give up immediately, reducing everything to the fact that, apart from a computer and a tablet, he is not interested in anything. Take a closer look at what games he plays, what is especially fascinating and what he is ready to do from morning to evening.
In the cartoon about Luntik, there was a series where a little bug was led to a small river and into a clearing, but he just wanted to draw. Ask and your child.
Make a list of topics:
- Heroes favorite (robots, dinosaurs, cars).
- Sections where the child goes, for example, judo, football, swimming.
- Space or other interest.
- Stories or legends about warriors.
And do everything with the use of any related topics.
For example, we take the words related to the theme of favorite heroes of fairy tales or cartoons, and also it can be about space. Then the child will start playing games that are close and fascinating him, and not read, in general, reading becomes an auxiliary tool.
For example, if a child is interested in space, they give an encyclopedia or a book about him, then even looking at the pictures he will want to know what is written there.
Let `s together!
The most magical phrase is doing wonders. Do not expect the child to take the book and read it himself. Offer him to read together and see the pictures, everything that you do together very soon he will be able to do by himself, without your help.
Video on the implementation of the Council come together:
Find in different variants of coloring with your favorite characters, where the words are written in block letters and try to read, stopping at the most interesting place.
How can this look for a boy?
We write fishing-related words for reading and riddles: fishing, fish, fisherman, fishing pole, river, sea, river, perch, cancer, bait, worm, float, hook, bite, bite, tackle.
Books about fishing for children: We take in the library or purchase in the store.
We are preparing rebuses from the words written above + rearrangement of letters.
Speakers and sayings about fishing:
- Without effort, you can not pull the fish out of the pond.
- I didn’t get up at dawn - I lost fishing.
- Whoever is fishing is not lazy, the fish is caught.
- To the one who gets up early, the fish itself goes into the hands.
- The talker can be seen by the word, the fisherman by the catch.
- Talk about ear when fish in hand.
- An avid fisherman in the morning is not pushed to the sides.
- Fished until the evening, but nothing to eat.
- And in fishing, luck is hard work and patience.
Can also collect tips or advice and observations.
For a girl, an example: Winx fairy tales and domestic rodents.
We are looking for a magazine about Winx fairies or an encyclopedia about rodents, a library for books or a store, but there is also an additional option - this is the Internet, we recommend choosing quality articles and printing while reading with your daughter.
Selection of words: Names Fairy, witchcraft, fairy, magic, girlfriend, wings, fly, nature, bright sun, dragon flame, waves, technology, music.
We make puzzles and words.
We play words, we pronounce the word, she calls it by letter.
We tell about the hero, he must be guessed and put his name out of sticks or matches, any sticks are possible, for example, for make-up removers or calculating sticks.
Fold out the letters of the names of the fairies Winx or favorite princesses.
We read by syllables
Let's take a look at how quickly and well to teach a child to read by syllables?
When you have already overcome the vowels with the child and began to study the consonants, then it’s time to start learning to read by syllables.
In order to facilitate the process of teaching parents as much as possible, we suggest you to make a version of the calculation table in Russian and in Ukrainian.
Such tables are very convenient to use especially when familiarity with syllables has just begun. If you want to play syllables, then print 2 copies of the tables at once, try to put simple words out of letters, no more than 3-4 letters.
The best options are when words are simple, for example, Mom, Masha, Dad, Sasha, Petya, Vasya, woman. When a child is not confused with a new learned consonant, it’s time to suggest different syllables, for example, MA, MO, ME, but also AM, OM, MIND, i.e. you make sure that syllables begin with consonants and vowels.
Do not be annoyed again and again explaining to the child how the letters are read together and how they sound separately. Sometimes it may be necessary several times, in other cases it is necessary to repeat several dozen times.
Always say everything is OK! You're doing fine! You do it all! Look, the last time you did not name this letter, but now you immediately said it, and in a week, you will be able to read it by syllables!
If the baby did not work, you say: Come on together!
Video help for parents how to make the child learn everything easily:
Do not forget to repeat these 2 phrases and show on your fingers: Everything is in order! Well done!
Try to sing syllables, just call showing a pointer together. When a child begins to recognize them easily, it is time to try to put simple words by syllables or from individual letters and read.
How to fold?
It is important to take the time to read until the syllables from the table are easy to read from him, he will be recognized on the fly. Practice in syllables to automatism in different games.
1. Perfectly familiar books or poems will work, choose familiar verses with simple words and try to read them, laying them out of the syllables your child reads. Mom washed the frame. Masha drank juice. Sasha ate porridge.
2. Try to show the syllables in the tables and individual letters. So that the child could guess these words: cancer, poppy, mouth, nose, ear, car, steam, woof, fever, thief.
Working with the table in turn, first you, then the baby, and you add the words. Ma-Ma, CHA-SH-KA, RE-P-KA, PA-PA, MA-SHA, MU-HA, LI-ZA, SA-SHA, FI-LJ, i.e. You are working with a table. You show the syllable, then 1 letter, then another syllable, for example the word cup, if the letters are 3, then the syllable and 1 letter ra-k.
Why is the table better than the alphabet of letters and syllables?
Parents often acquire them at the request of the teacher, but then they turn out to be of little demand. Their disadvantages are that they need to be cut, especially if it is on cardboard, letters and syllables do not always fit into the slots and stick there.
Poorly organized for use and storage, they require envelopes or other containers for storage, and in the final case, they generally crumble and get lost. Keep cut letters, as well as use is very inconvenient.
In these cases, it is better to use the cubes with letters, for clarity and storage, they are more practical, but with poor-quality printing and sticker, they will quickly peel off, and often there are very few of them for words with 5 or more letters.
All these games are practiced as the child learns new letters. It's great to defuse, then build a tower from the cubes and destroy it so that any training goes through the game.
How to read by syllables?
If you succumbed to the temptation and bought a child “My primer” a wall table or a poster with letters, clicking on them, he voiced the letters, there are such tablets and books.
So the main mistake of such devices is that they call letters, but not sounds, i.e. instead of - R-ER, B - BE, B-Be, etc.
And the worst thing is when unsuspecting parents start teaching their child to read, a real brain explosion begins instead of Mom we get WE AND WE A.
In mom, well, no it does not add up. Therefore, we do not recommend to go in the wake of such devices, if you nevertheless decide to use them, listen to what such a poster or book says;
What is the fastest way to learn to read?
Definitely gaming, if your ideas run out, then use our recommendations. We play a game, at first mom shows you read, then we switch roles.
- Solve the rebuses draw pictures and through them guess the word, for example, the word milk. Masha Olya Luna Window Porridge Lunch
- Find in the small text all the syllables on Ma.
- Add words from fictional words from the syllables and invent your own gibberish language.
Video that is gibberish language:
Variant of the game with a sock in the video:
Now you have a whole range of games for learning to read correctly and without mistakes, it is important that this happens in a fun way and gives parents the opportunity to adjust the learning process for each child individually.
Changing the theme for the kid's hobbies.
If you find it difficult to invent or implement any game, we recommend not to be upset. The site kayu.ru offers you detailed games with children at home, from materials to implementation.
We choose puzzles for the child correctly to avoid mistakes, read the article here.
We make a game plan for children easily and competently, as well as take into account the secret aspects that help the child to develop and not get tired of the link http://kayu.ru/sekreti-vospitaniya-ot-roditeley-kayu-1/151-chto-nado-uchitivat -pri-sostavlenii-igr-s-detmi.html.
Which book to choose for training?
- With large letters and colorful pictures.
- Letters appear one by one, and having studied 2-3 already go in syllables.
- Different ways of reading syllables, for example, MA - AM, MO - OM.
- Remember the time is 15 minutes - this is the maximum amount for training.
Video from a speech therapist in teaching reading:
When the child began to read, calm down and drop learning will be a big mistake, because There are speed requirements and this is not just a test of the reading technique.
The slower your child reads, the more time it will take to do homework and extract information from what has already been read.
It is not by chance that the requirements for reading speed grows: Grade 1 is 20 words per minute, 2-40, but a child can read with pleasure at a speed of 60 words per minute.
How to teach a child to read quickly and correctly in grade 1: exercises
When the child has mastered the letters, they will easily recognize them; now it is only time to practice reading speed. Before you start working with it, record how many words per minute your child is reading now - this will help track progress.
Take these classes no more than 15 minutes a day so that he does not have time to get tired and come up with motivating moments that will record his progress and development.
For example: a table where a child writes at what speed he reads and indicates the day, such a mini diary, if speed grows, he receives a gift - this is a game with his parents or a story from them, a trip to the zoo or go skating, skiing, skating , take a walk in the park, go bowling or play other games.
Motivation in the form of money or gifts can have the opposite effect.
Choose texts in accordance with the child's age, it is extremely important.
You can make in a game form a method by which you will learn fast reading, for this, write the names on the cards and let the child choose what method you will read today.
- We attach a sheet of paper to the text so that all unread lines are closed. As you read through the curtain, we open all the following lines, but it is important to move a little faster than the child reads.
- We attach a sheet of paper to the top of the line and close the words, a little faster than the child reads.
- Noisy texts when words not related to it are inserted into the text. It is easy to make a finished text in Word and print.
- Vershki - roots. Closing the bottom of the line with a ruler or cut strips, bookmarks. Similarly done with the top.
- Cut the text in a lattice shape and push it apart. Make it simple if the text is a picture, then just put empty strips.
- Lattice or frame. Cut out the paper in the form of a lattice with rather wide carved columns, where the thin strips left of the paper will cover the pieces of text. Its size is equal to the size of a sheet of paper - 29 * 27 cm. The width of a thin column is 0.5 cm, a wide column is -2-3 cm, impose on the text and read.
When this method is mastered, make the strips wider - 2-3 cm, let them be 2-3 pieces on a sheet.
- Wise trees - the pyramid. When the text is in the shape of a trapezoid, expanding from the middle to the edges.
Video with examples of exercises for quick reading: A lesson in the video format of a class with a slowly reading child:
Give this physical exercise 5-10 minutes daily and you will notice how much faster your brain began to work. Such gymnastics helps to work in 2m hemispheres synchronously, which allows the brain to work in a state of super efficiency.
- I am a student.
- Ухо — нос или Винни -Пух и пятачок.
- Вижу цель, не вижу препятствий.
- Я победитель.
- Усложняем, когда уже все стало получаться: добавляем хлопки, маршируем, шевелим ступнями ног.
Где взять еще больше материалов обучающих быстрому чтению?
- Tatyana Djalo - for kids from simple training to fast reading she has a wonderful course.
- Books, videos Andreeva.
- Online games on the Internet with Schulte's tables and not only, but what time the child will spend at the computer, phone or tablet, is up to you.
- On the Internet, the mass of articles devoted to fast reading.
It is important to understand that speed reading is a skill that is recommended to be taught after the age of 10 years, but we begin to train fast reading with the help of games and exercises at the age of 6-7.
What is a reading technique?
To understand the questions of a quick read or a quick read, let's look at what is it, by definition? They check the reading technique in the classroom, in parallel with the start of reading the child, the stopwatch is turned on, when the minute is over, the student is stopped and the number of words read is counted. Which words count and which ones don't? Does the child understand the text? If the child has not correctly read the word, will it be taken into account? In fact, the reading technique consists of several skills:
- Ways of reading (by letter, syllable or whole words),
- The pace of reading, the speed with which the new text will be read in 1 minute.
- Awareness. When the read child understands and will be able to answer questions.
- Expressiveness, but this skill should be discussed with your teacher separately. As for a cursory reading, the pauses are minimal, in contrast to the usual check. And if you require a child to read quickly, then it is logical that the entire reading process is fast.
Now you know how to teach a child to read quickly and your family is not afraid of reading technique!
Try different methods and options, we wish you easy, fast and exciting learning to read. Let your baby easily read and enjoy it by constantly learning new books and knowledge!
Learn to read: Is the child ready to learn to read?
According to psychologists, the best age for learning to read is from 4.5 to 6 years. In practice, the child seeks to learn to read at the age of 5 years. It is worth remembering that each child is different in their development, and if you do not fit into the generally accepted time frame, this only means that the learning process should be slightly postponed.
There are a number of factors that indicate whether the child is currently ready to master the reading process. Here are the most important ones:
- No problem with pronunciation - the child has the correct tempo and rhythm of speech, all sounds are set,
- No hearing problems - the child does not ask again many times, does not distort words that are simple in pronunciation,
- Adequate Speaking - rich vocabulary, ability to build phrases and understandable for others to express their thoughts,
- Developed phonemic hearing - the child can freely distinguish the sounds of speech, reproduce the sounds heard, call the first / last sound in the word,
- Free orientation in space - the child clearly knows the concepts right / left and up / down.
Carefully watching the child, you will notice a moment when he will be interested in putting the letters into words. Familiar characters on the signs of the stores the child will show mom and dad, and one day she will try to read the whole thing. Of course, in his first attempts, the crumb would surely read the word incorrectly, but this is not terrible - this suggests that his brain was ripe for the assimilation of a new skill.
5 important tips on developing child reading skills
Moms and dads who want to teach a child to read as quickly as possible should be very sensitive in dealing with this important issue. So that the child has not lost interest in reading from the first lessons, we suggest you to get acquainted with the actual advice. They will help in the process of learning to instill in your child a love for the book.
Alphabet from an early age
Let a child from infancy age “absorb” into himself, like a sponge, the name of letters in a song-game form. Short memorable rhymes about letters will be deposited in the children's memory, and closer to two years the child will be able to consciously tell them. Include from time to time various songs and mini-cartoons about the alphabet, especially since in such a presentation the letters are remembered effortlessly.
For a preschooler, a game is the main process through which he learns the world around him, including in mastering his skills. Boring lessons and cramming will not bring proper results, moreover, the child can completely stop loving reading. Give the information in a warm atmosphere, patiently, and the child will learn the necessary knowledge at a pace that suits him.
Practice every day
If you started taking the first steps in reading syllables, and they went to no avail, it’s too early to give up. You can take a break in 1-2 days, and then try again. Did the child get to read a couple of vowel syllables? Great, that means the initial reading skills are obtained and they need to be developed. Exercise regularly, and the result will not take long.
Interested in reading
Often, difficulties in learning arise with those children who were practically not read as children, and relatives did not set their own example of reading books. It can be fixed. Your home should appear stories, fairy tales, children's fiction, interesting to your child. Make a family tradition - reading a small piece before bedtime. The kid will not give up parental attention, and an interesting story will prompt his interest in the book.
From simple to complex
It happens that the child knows the names of the letters, but does not know the sounds. The child will not be able to master reading until he has learned the pronunciation of sounds well. Engage in this case in stages:
- learn the sounds
- go to reading by syllables
- teach your child to fusion syllables.
Only after passing through these three stages, you can start learning to read full words.
Detailed video with tips from the teacher - learn to read:
The first steps to reading: familiarity with the letters
To teach a child to read, it is necessary to maintain interest in books and letters from an early age. As a rule, in 2-3 years, babies begin to show attention to the alphabet. Parents are very important to provide at this moment the right development space.
The child will quickly remember the letters if there is a bright poster with the Russian alphabet in his field of vision. The crumb shows on the letter - say the corresponding sound. It is possible that you will have to return to “A” and “B” more than once and repeat them, but this is how the baby will remember them faster. For busy parents, an interactive panel with letters will be a good help - it voices the letter that the child will click on.
In order to memorize the letters of the alphabet, it is important for the child to tap and touch. For the development of abstract thinking of your baby, invite him to get acquainted with the letters made of clay or cut out of cardboard. Pay attention to the similarity of objects and letters - the horizontal bar looks like a “P”, and a bagel is a poured letter “O”.
The process of learning the letters will be very fun and tasty, if you offer the child an edible alphabet. With the help of figural macaroni, you can cook the Abvgdeika soup, and for dessert you can bake your own handmade cookies - the alphabet.
With the help of the magnetic alphabet, you can turn the process of learning letters into a fun and memorable game. For example, babies 1-2 years old can be enticed simply by attaching a letter to the surface of the refrigerator and pronouncing it. “Give me a little letter! What is it with us? This is the letter A. ”If the child is already 3 years old, he will like the game of“ magnetic fishing ”. You need all the magnetic letters in the container, and make an improvised fishing rod from a stick and a string with a magnet. Having caught the "fish", pronounce its name, making an analogy with the word. “This is a fish F! See how she looks like a bug! ”
Children love to repeat the actions of adults. Give your child plenty of buttons in an open text editor - he will be interested in the appearance of letters on the screen. Show how to type the simplest word "mom". You can print the first letter and hand it to the child. Even if there will be a completely unthinkable combination, it will be a kind of impetus to memorizing the alphabet. Also, to master the letters, you can give the child "to be torn apart" the old keyboard from the computer.
Mastering the principle of reading by syllables
Usually, children pronounce each sound separately, and this is understandable - they need time to remember the name of the next letter. The task of parents is to help the child overcome this natural difficulty.
Start the exercise with the words consisting only of vowels. For example, AU, IA and UA. These simple words need to draw / pick up illustrations - for example, a girl lost in the forest (“AU!”), A baby lying in a cradle (“OA!”), And a cute donkey chewing on a grass (“IA!”). Ask the child not to read the inscription, but simply sing it. You can sing slowly, "pull" the syllable, but do not stop: AAAUUU, IIIAAAA, UUAAA.
Do not be afraid to go back to the past, continue to teach the child to read the simplest syllables. When the first sound of a syllable is consonant, it is more difficult for a child to read it. But, nevertheless, learning to read it is also necessary, without this in school in any way. Let the child “pull” NNN and then put A, O, or U. The boy gives the girl a candy — NNA (“ON!”). The kid is swinging on the horse - NNNO (“BUT!”). The girl took her mother by the hand - MMMA (“MA!”). Note that the first sound a child can “pull” long enough to remember the next one.
If the baby did not manage to read the word, the parent should read it himself, then try to read it again with the child. Then go to the next syllable. Regardless of success, cheer and praise your little student.
Most primers for children 6-7 years old offer to learn from syllabic tables. They are a list of various syllables that have no semantic meaning, but are based on visualized memorization. Example: the letter “H” sounds “Nah-NU-NU-NY-NI”, on the “M” - “MA-MO-MU-WE-MI”, on the “T” - “TA-TO-TU-TY -TI "etc. Of course, such tables have the right to life, but they are not at all interesting for children. To force a child to read various “VU” and “VA” is not necessary at all, it is quite possible to cope without such outdated methodological material.
Games to help your child learn to read
The skill of reading requires diligence and regular training. To make the training easier, consider the pictures in the books, discuss the situations depicted in these pictures, make up stories for them. Communicate more and talk with your child - this will help him develop thinking and coherent speech.
For the discovery of the wonderful, interesting and vast world of books, we offer you games for learning syllables, their correct pronunciation and memorization. Exercises in these games are suitable for children from 3 to 7 years.
A-ist A-zbu-ku li-became,
On A-wto-bus o-poz-dal.
On Kar-ting-ku smo-trit Kot,
On Kar-ting-ke Kit a swim-vet.
O-slick sees O-blah,
O-tra-ya their re-ka.
- soap, soap, soap, sweet, soap,
- cheese, cheese, cheese, world, cheese,
- saw, saw, saw, linden, saw,
- salt, salt, salt, sat, salt,
- river, river, hand, river, hand.
One of the interesting variants of this game can be a game of "chef". The task of the child is to make a lunch menu from words to a selected letter, for example, “M”. If there are few words per letter, you can suggest to find foods starting with 2 letters in the refrigerator, etc.
We form the habit of reading books from infancy
At the beginning of this part we advise you to familiarize yourself with the experience of the mother. How to teach a child to read by syllables (video):
"A child learns what he sees in his home." A well-known expression comes in handy to form the child’s understanding of the importance of reading. If the crumb will often see his parents and relatives with the book, then for him reading will become part of life. Let the baby know from an early age that reading is interesting, and a good book can easily replace a computer game or watching a cartoon.
Choosing a book to start reading, do not forget that children are important pictures. Thanks to expressive, bright drawings, it will be easier and more interesting to follow the plot of the child.
Love for books is not formed at one moment. If an adult regularly read aloud small fairy tales to a child, after only a month or two the child will show more interest in the works. The first words read are often those that are depicted on the cover of a favorite book.
The child should be interested in what you plan to read with him. Already at 4 years old, a small reader is able to determine how interesting this or that book is for him. At this age, it's time for the first visit to the library - let the kid choose the book itself according to your own desire.
TV viewing limit
Reading, of course, requires a certain intellectual effort from the child. What can not be said about television - it literally selects the opportunity to dream up, providing ready-made images. It’s not worth depriving of watching cartoons, but it makes sense to limit the time spent behind the screen and strictly select allowed TV shows.