Is it possible to treat constipation in a cat at home? What remedies to use and is it effective in treating constipation in cats with petroleum jelly? Is it safe to use and are there any contraindications? Let's talk about everything below.
Diagnosing Cat Constipation and Possible Causes
Immediately, we note that the problems with digestion and defecation in animals are difficult to notice. Even experienced owners often overlook the first symptoms. Cats are naturally very secretive animals and may show no discomfort until their state of health deteriorates to a critical degree.
Constipation in a cat is considered to be an inability to defecate for 2-3 days. It should also be noted here that too much excretion of fecal masses of the oily structure and fecal masses in the form of dry balls is also constipation.
- In the first case, we are talking about intestinal atony, that is, it is emptied only after it overflows.
- In the second case, we are talking about a violation of the work of intestinal peristalsis, that is, the feces do not leave it in time.
Constipation is a condition in which defecation is impossible or difficult for several reasons. The longer the fecal mass is in the intestine, the more water from them absorb mucous membranes. Tightening situations leads to the formation of dry solid traffic jams that block the intestines.
Due to stagnation, the animal's body is subjected to intoxication, and the intestinal mucous membranes are injured. The first visual signs affect the condition of the hair and skin.
There are a lot of possible reasons for the development of constipation in a cat, we will dwell only on the most common ones.
The first most popular reason is stress.. The animal is able to restrain the urge to defecate for 1–5 days if it enters an unfamiliar or dangerous situation. The stressful situation includes moving, the arrival of guests, a trip to a veterinary clinic or grooming salon, and so on.
The second most popular reason is similar in development mechanism. Cat restrains defecation intentionally, the body adapts to this state, which leads to a slowdown in metabolism and food digestion. To curb the urge to defecate may result in:
- The illnesses of the opron-motor apparatus.
- Constriction or expansion of the intestine.
- Neoplasms in the intestines.
- Injury of the intestinal wall or anus.
- Ailments of the digestive system.
- Metabolic disorders.
Intestinal blockage can cause constipation in a cat at any age. Most often, worm invasion, eating foreign objects, or the accumulation of wool in the intestine leads to this.
In accordance with the rules of keeping pets, the cat should receive prophylactic drugs from helminthic invasion at least once every three months. If this scheme was violated, the likelihood of worms is very high. The most common in the habitat of cats worms, multiply rapidly and fill the intestines.
If anthelmintic measures were taken 4–6 (or more) months after infection, there is a high probability of blockage. The dead worms begin to move around the intestines and weave into a lump that gets stuck in the lumen. This problem is solved with the timely use of laxatives and adsorbents.
Cats care for themselves, licking wool. During the molting period, especially in long-haired animals, a blockage of the stomach or intestines with wool may occur. The outer hair has a coarse structure and is practically not affected by gastric acids. When hair gets heavily in the cat's digestive system, it will clump up and may get stuck in the lumen of the stomach or intestines.
Important! For the prevention of intestinal blockage with hair, the pet must be regularly brushed. For long-haired cats and animals with a hard guard hair, it is recommended to use special layers that change the structure of hair that has already entered the cat's stomach.
Intestinal occlusion due to eating inedible objects is considered the most dangerous. Most often, this condition occurs after eating cellophane or fir-tree tinsel. The problem is that the intestinal lumen is completely blocked, fecal masses accumulate, intoxication develops in the body and without intervention ... the animal dies in a few days.
Improper feeding can lead to chronic constipation and intestinal blockage. Cats should not be given tubular bones that break open into sharp fragments, they can clog the intestines or even break it.
The diet of the cat must be balanced. When feeding exclusively on protein foods, the cat develops constipation due to the lack of hard fibers. When feeding carbohydrate food, an animal develops dysbacteriosis, intestinal peristalsis may be disturbed and chronic constipation may develop.
In drawing up the diet of a domestic cat, it is necessary to rely on the natural way of feeding the wild ancestors of our pets. In nature, a cat feeds on its prey, eating it with intestines and its contents, wool and bones. In a natural environment, a cat cannot get large bones or clean meat as food. Occasionally, in order to prevent stagnation in the intestines, wild cats eat grass. For pets, it is recommended to grow a special lawn grass at home.
Important! When feeding with dry food, it is necessary to provide the pet with unhindered access to the drinker. Ignoring this rule will lead to dehydration and chronic constipation.
The next common cause of constipation is aggressive treatment. Most often, prolonged treatment with antibiotics leads to the development of disorders of the digestive processes. Due to the use of strong drugs friendly intestinal microflora dies and dysbacteriosis occurs. This disorder may be accompanied by alternating diarrhea and constipation.
Almost always after the use of anesthesia, the cat develops constipation or diarrhea. Deep anesthesia is used during operations. After leaving the anesthesia for two or three days, the cat may experience irregularities in the digestive system, including chronic constipation. The work of the digestive system is restored without intervention, but in order to avoid intoxication, it is better to use preventive agents.
Signs of constipation in a cat
What signs indicate constipation in a cat? First of all, you will find that there are behavioral signs of feeling unwell. The cat will become restless, can meow for no reason, ask for hands or hide in a secluded place.
As soon as you notice the slightest changes in behavior, it is necessary to measure the temperature of the body of the animal to prevent the development of infectious and viral pathologies. Check the tray for feces at least 2-3 times a day. If you have determined that the animal does not go to the toilet for more than 2 days, you must begin treatment or show the animal to a veterinarian. It is better that the doctor treats the pet, since the symptoms of constipation may be associated with other, covertly developing diseases.
According to the owners, the diagnosis and treatment of constipation were missed at an early stage, because not everyone understands that:
- Dry feces in the form of sticks or pancakes - are observed with constipation due to dehydration.
- Ball shaped feces - often seen with constipation after sterilization.
- Abundant fatty feces - this is constipation on the background of intestinal atony or the consumption of too fatty foods (often observed in kittens that overeat).
- Clots and puddles of transparent mucus or mucus with inclusions of feces are constipation, which is also “defined” as false diarrhea.
Important! Never use laxatives or water-absorbing medicines until you are sure of the diagnosis. No matter what kind of indigestion an animal suffers from, your task is not to aggravate the situation!
Vaseline oil for constipation in a cat
Vaseline oil has been used as a treatment for constipation for many years, let's see why. Vaseline oil has a protective, laxative effect. Against the background of comprehensive care, petroleum jelly practically does not decompose in the animal’s body and is not absorbed by the intestinal walls. It should be noted that this drug does not always help, but is effective in the early stages of constipation.
Vaseline oil can and should be used if you are sure that the cat is constipated. The product is safe for kittens, adults and elderly animals. When taking vaseline oil starvation diet.
Note! It is better to refrain from drinking a large amount of oil at a time. The required dose can be divided into equal parts and poured with an interval of 10-15 minutes.
There are also contraindications for the use of vaseline oil. Oil and other laxatives can not be used if there is a suspicion of bloat or blockage of the intestine. In this case, the animal must be urgently delivered to the veterinarian, as the cat may die when the situation is tightened.
Vaseline oil is not recommended if the pet suffers from chronic diseases of the digestive system. Against the background of peptic ulcer, gastritis, colitis, the use of oils and laxatives can lead to additional irritation of the organs' walls and deterioration of the animal's condition.
Vaseline oil is not used to treat pregnant animals. Also, the funds are strictly contraindicated if there is a risk of intestinal bleeding, or such bleeding occurred early.
Vaseline oil is not a universal laxative. Many inexperienced owners use it after applying anthelmintic, although this approach is strictly not recommended. For the prevention of intestinal blockage with dead parasites, after ingestion of anthrax, the animal should be given an adsorbent, as a laxative it is better to use either flaxseed oil (it is digested and absorbed by the intestinal walls) or drugs.
How to apply vaseline oil
Vaseline oil for constipation in cats can be used both in natural form and in the form of candles. In the initial stages of constipation, it is advisable to vaseline oil to the animal. For an adult cat enough teaspoon. The most convenient way is to pour Vaseline oil into the cat's mouth from a syringe without a needle.
Vaseline oil is colorless and odorless. Usually, animals do not strongly resist taking the medication, but after swallowing, a gag reflex may occur in a cat. The dosage of vaseline oil for a kitten depends on the weight. Usually they start with 0.5 cubes and increase the dose to 1–1.5 cubes for 5–6 hours. For very young kittens, the dosage is calculated from the ratio of 1 milliliter per 1 kg of weight.
Important! Vaseline oil is not recommended to give the cat more than 5 times! If, after the measures taken, the pet cannot go to the toilet, immediately contact a veterinarian!
If you can not drink pet petroleum jelly, it can be used in the form of candles. The candle is inserted into the anus, after which it is necessary to lower the cat's tail and hold it in this position for five to six minutes. After the introduction of vaseline oil into the cat's body, changes should be monitored for one to two hours. The oil provokes the urge to defecate and, logically, the cat should go to the tray.
If this does not happen, there are two options: the cat has been suffering from constipation for a long time and the oil does not help or causes constipation painful sensations during defecation and the cat deliberately suffers. In the first case, you must use laxatives and continue to give the cat petroleum jelly. In the second case, you must contact the veterinarian, because even after the symptoms of constipation have been eliminated, the root cause will remain.
Note! Many veterinarians say that “standard” recommendations are not always relevant for cats. Judging from the experience ownedOils, vaseline oil helps to solve problems with constipation after 2–3 intake of oil, that is, after 10–15 hours.
When do I need to give Vaseline oil?
Unfortunately, problems with defecation in our younger brothers can be noticed not immediately, especially if the cat freely walks along the street. At the same time, if during the course of two days the pet does not visit its tray, such a state indicates that the cat is constipated.
A similar condition can also be identified by a change in the general state, the behavior of a furry pet. So, if usually the cat went to the toilet every two days, do not panic and worry. But if the cat's tray remains empty for three or four days, the animal has become sluggish, inactive, the pet is tormented by nausea, vomiting, is noticed a tight tummy increased in volume, immediately take action. In this case, laxatives, an enema or regular petroleum jelly, which can be obtained without any problems at any pharmacy or city vending pharmacy, can help normalize the defecation act.
If you do not help the animal in time, constipation can lead to the development of severe intoxication, provoke poisoning of the body with toxic substances and even cause bowel rupture, which will inevitably lead to the death of a furry pet. In addition, constipation will cause a violation of the digestive tract. In the absence of regular bowel movements, the load on the liver, kidneys, and heart increases.
Vaseline oil is an affordable, effective, mild laxative that veterinarians recommend for constipation in cats, dogs and other pets. Externally, it is a clear liquid with an oily consistency, without taste or smell.
Once inside, vaseline oil is not absorbed, but only forms a slippery film, gently enveloping the walls of the intestine, the digestive tract. Diluting fecal masses, petroleum jelly facilitates their passage. In addition, the film protects the intestinal wall from harmful toxic decomposition products, preventing them from being absorbed, thereby preventing intoxication of the body.
Important! Veterinary specialists categorically do not recommend using castor oil, any vegetable oil, for constipation in cats, since they are rapidly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, causing damage to the liver.
Vaseline oil is absolutely harmless to cats and other warm-blooded animals, because it is not absorbed by the walls of the gastrointestinal tract. It has a pronounced mild laxative effect, normalizes the act of defecation.
How to give?
For constipation, veterinarians recommend giving petroleum jelly to cats as follows:
- The first time, using a disposable syringe without a needle, 15-20 g of oil is slowly poured into the mouth (behind the cheek). Since it has no taste and smell, animals normally perceive this procedure, not resisting much. It is best to initially pour in a small amount of oil and observe how the cat's body reacts to it.
- If three hours after taking the cat did not go to the toilet, there was no defecation, you need to re-pour another five or six grams of oil and again in the same dosage in an hour.
Important! The total amount of vaseline oil that can be given to a cat whose weight does not exceed 4.5-5 kilograms should not exceed 40 grams. You can give oil to a cat every five hours, with the main thing, do not exceed the specified dosage.
As a rule, after an hour or two after the procedure, the intestine should be emptied of the feces, that is, the cat should go to the tray. In some cases, emptying can occur after 6-17 hours, so carefully monitor the condition of your pet.
After the long-awaited relief of the pet, the next day you need to pour in 2 g of oil, after which one gram is given over the next two days.
Treatment of constipation with vaseline oil in small kittens is carried out in the same way as adult animals. In order not to exceed the dosage, proceed from the calculation: 1 ml of oil per 1 kg of body weight of the baby. If the kitten is not emptied after 6-12 hours, contact your veterinarian.
With strong constipation, you can put an enema cat by buying a small animal syringe in a vet pharmacy. In the lumen of the rectum, having preliminarily smeared the tip of the pear with any lubricant, inject a small amount of vaseline oil. You can also use salt solution, decoction of chamomile. The proper effect will be achieved even with the introduction of minimal doses.
Caring owners should understand that the use of vaseline oil for constipation in a cat is an emergency measure, so it is not recommended to resort to it too often. Otherwise, as well as if the recommended doses are exceeded, serious disturbances in the fluffy pet's body can be provoked. If the animal suffers from chronic constipation, show the pet to a competent veterinarian who establishes the root cause of this condition.
Перед тем, как дать в качестве слабительного котику вазелиновое масло, рекомендуем предварительно проконсультироваться с ветврачом. Давать его можно только в том случае, если вы полностью уверены, что запор не спровоцирован наличием инородного тела в кишечнике, нет непроходимости.
It is possible to determine intestinal obstruction according to the following criteria: the cat becomes sluggish, sedentary, stops responding to external stimuli, refuses to feed. The animal is tormented by debilitating vomiting, nausea. Possible increase in body temperature. A characteristic fetid odor emanates from the mouth. At the same time, the general condition of the pet is deteriorating. In this case, we strongly recommend to seek help from a veterinary clinic.
Vaseline oil can not be used as a laxative for constipation, if:
- the cat suffers from inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract, peritoneum,
- for chronic constipation
- fever. high temperature
- after deworming,
- pregnant, lactating cats,
- in case of individual intolerance,
- after surgery on the peritoneum,
- diagnosed with twisting intestinal loops, with inversion of the intestine,
- with intestinal bleeding of various etiologies.
Other contraindications for the treatment of constipation in cats are not available. In recommended doses, Vaseline oil does not provoke the development of side effects. In rare cases, at first, spontaneous release of fecal masses from the anus, the formation of small nodules in the intestine can be observed. Also note the shortage, deficiency of fat-soluble vitamins in the body of animals.
To avoid such an unpleasant condition as constipation, caring owners should closely monitor the quality and nutritional value of their pet's diet. If the animal is contained on industrial, ready-made feeds, choose products of “extra”, “premium” class. For representatives of long-haired breeds, choose special foods that contribute to the removal of hair from the body. Always make sure that the cat has access to clean, fresh drinking water. Insufficient flow of fluid into the body contributes to compaction, hardening of the fecal masses.
Do not give cats cold, frozen foods. Food should be slightly warm at room temperature. Give the cat dairy products, vegetables, fresh herbs, cereals, which contain a sufficient amount of fiber, which improves intestinal motility.
Watch the state, the behavior of the cat, do not allow the development of gastrointestinal diseases. It is not necessary to give cats chicken, tubular, fish bones.
It is equally important to carry out preventive deworming in a timely manner, as helminths can cause blockage of the intestinal lumen. Organize active leisure to your pet. Physical activity activates the bowels, the entire digestive tract.
Danger of constipation
- Intoxication of the body. In the process of digestion, harmful and unnecessary substances are released from the rectum. The most dangerous of them are the decay products of protein, which, in the absence of excretion of feces, are absorbed through the intestinal walls into the bloodstream and lead to intoxication of the body.
- Internal bleeding. Hard or dehydrated stool when passing through the intestines can disrupt the integrity of the intestinal mucosa, causing damage to blood vessels and the development of bleeding.
- Inflammatory processes. Injuries to the mucous membrane can cause the development of the inflammatory process.
Vaseline oil action
- Mechanical effect on fecal masses. Penetrating into the intestine, petroleum jelly soaks the fecal masses and softens them mechanically. This allows you to break one large lump into several smaller ones and remove them from the body.
- Lubrication of the intestinal wall. Vaseline oil envelops the intestinal wall, so that the fecal matter moves better in the direction of the anus.
- Bowel protection. Oil prevents damage to the walls by solid particles, prevents the development of intestinal breaks and the occurrence of anus fissures.
Why you can not use vegetable oil
The use of vaseline oil for constipation in cats is due to its effectiveness and safety for the pet. It is absolutely harmless to the animal, because It has only a mechanical effect on the stool mass.
The use of other vegetable oil not only will not bring results, but also can cause the development of serious disorders in the body.
Sunflower, olive and corn oils are absorbed in the initial sections of the intestine and do not reach the place of accumulation of fecal masses. Vegetable oil damages the liver and does not affect constipation at all.
Symptoms of intestinal obstruction
- Vomiting. The first symptom of intestinal obstruction is vomiting. Sometimes vomit has a characteristic fecal odor.
- Refusal to feed. The cat completely refuses to eat. With short constipation, the appetite of the animal does not change.
- Lethargy. Fecal masses poison the body, with the result that the cat feels sluggish, lies motionless, coordination of movements can be disturbed.
To cure intestinal obstruction in the home is impossible. It is urgent to take the animal to a veterinary specialist.
How to give
Vaseline oil is administered to the cat through the mouth or through the enema. It is not recommended to do an enema to a cat a non-professional, the procedure is rather complicated, and unqualified actions can lead to injuries to a pet.
Most often, vaseline oil is injected through the mouth in its pure form.. It is poured into the cat's mouth from a teaspoon or with a medical syringe without a needle. The advantage of petroleum jelly is the lack of taste, so give it to a cat is quite simple.
Rules for the introduction of oil in the mouth
- When fixing the cat, its neck should be free. This will avoid the fact that the cat chokes on the drug.
- Slow introduction. It is necessary to inject fluids into the animal's mouth slowly, a quick injection can cause the animal to choke. The drug does not get into the esophagus, and in the respiratory tract.
- The syringe cannula is located at the corner of the mouth, after which vaseline oil is slowly introduced into the cat's throat.
- After drug administration, The head of the animal must be held in a raised position for a few seconds. Until the cat completely swallows the drug.
Vaseline oil is injected once in 20 ml adult cats, and in 5-10 ml kittens, depending on the age and size of the kitten.
With a double injection, the dose is 10 ml for adult cats and 3-5 ml for kittens, depending on age and size. The interval between the introduction of the drug is 3-4 hours.
After that, the animal should safely go to the toilet. If this does not happen, then You can give the cat 5-10 ml of vaseline oil every 4-5 hours.
If after 5 doses of oil the cat did not go to the toilet, the treatment should be stopped. In this case, it is recommended to contact a veterinarian to prescribe other methods of treating constipation in a cat.
Complete excretion of feces passes within 6-18 hours, depending on the severity of the situation.
After the cat went to the toilet, it is recommended to give vaseline oil for two days. In this case, petroleum jelly is administered twice a day, 1-2 ml.
The use of vaseline oil in cats is constantly contraindicated and can lead to intestinal diseases. If the cat is prone to constipation, then you should balance the diet and contact the veterinarian for the selection of other drugs to solve the problem.
Effects of vaseline oil on the gastrointestinal tract
Vaseline oil, including medical oil, is an oily solution obtained from the production of paraffin. Despite the fact that the oil is not made from herbal ingredients, it still has an organic (natural) origin.
Vaseline oil is tasteless, clear and odorless. It is practically safe for animals - when taken orally, it is not absorbed and displayed in the same quantity, does not possess allergenic, mutagenic, carcinogenic properties.
Effect of vaseline oil:
- Removes toxins.
- Softens hardened feces.
- It has a stimulating effect (works as a mechanical laxative).
- Lubricates the walls of the intestinal tract, facilitating the passage of fecal masses.
- Prevents curing of feces.
The film, formed on the walls of the intestinal tract, prevents the half-life products from entering the animal's body, thereby protecting it from infections and poisoning by harmful substances.
Due to this, fecal masses stuck in the intestines of a cat are eliminated from the body naturally, without causing any discomfort to the animal at all.
Using vaseline oil, it is possible to prevent the accumulation or removal of already formed clumps of wool, which often lead to intestinal blockage in long-haired cats.
Due to the fact that the drug does not contain harmful substances, the intake of vaseline oil in accordance with the prescribed doses should not cause any harm to the animal's body.
However, the frequent use of this tool can be addictive, contribute to a decrease in intestinal tone and complicate the independent elimination of digested food in the colon. That is why veterinarians advise to observe the exact dosage and not to use it regularly.
So, when should I give Vaseline oil to a cat?
Indications and Contraindications
Veterinarians strongly do not recommend self-treatment, as in most cases constipation is not a separate disease, but one of a number of symptoms of another serious disease.
Indications for the use of petroleum jelly for pets are as follows:
- chronic constipation or its acute form
- poisoning with fat-soluble poisons (dichloroethane, benzene and others).
Important! For the treatment of animals, you can use only a purified substance that would have no smell or taste.
Like all medicines, petroleum jelly for a cat also has a number of contraindications.
It is strictly prohibited to use it in the following cases:
- Infectious diseases of internal organs.
- The presence of ulcers in the digestive organs of the cat.
- Blockage or inversion of the intestines.
- Open bleeding in cat intestines.
- Individual intolerance to the drug.
- Gestation period
- Increased body temperature and fever.
Important! Apply Vaseline oil as a therapeutic drug only after consulting a veterinarian.
In the case of the use of the drug in doses prescribed by a specialist, and not often, as a rule, side effects do not appear. The occurrence of side effects in most cases depends on the frequency of use of this tool.
In very rare cases, it has been observed:
- Spontaneous leakage of vaseline oil from the anus.
- The appearance in the intestines of the animal small nodules.
- The development of a lack of fat-soluble vitamins.
Vaseline oil for kittens
How should I give Vaseline oil to a kitten? In this case, it is imperative that you first consult with a veterinarian. Practice has shown that the technique of treating constipation with vaseline oil in small individuals is used in exceptional cases.
After a thorough examination for the presence of comorbidities, the veterinarian can determine the dosage that is appropriate specifically for your kitten, taking into account not only the kitten’s body weight, but also the complexity of the course of the disease. In most cases, the daily dosage of vaseline oil does not exceed 5 ml.
It is worth paying special attention to the fact that petroleum jelly is forbidden to use for the prevention of constipation in kittens and adults. Ignorance in this survey is fraught with the development of pet motility disorders or irritable bowel syndrome.
Important! Contrary to the recommendations of the so-called "experts", you can not use castor oil as a laxative agent for cats. Such self-medication will only harm the pet's liver.