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How to remove the gap between the front teeth: 10 ways

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For many, the gap that exists between the teeth is considered a huge disadvantage. Some, on the contrary, try to isolate it in every way in order to appear different from others. This occurs when a person has a large jaw, and his teeth are small, the smile is unattractive. Many people think: is it possible to remove this gap?

Types of gaps between teeth

The cracks formed can be divided into two groups: trema and diastema.

This type of crevices is formed at the moment when milk teeth are formed. There may be a rapid development of the jaw, but a slow growth of the teeth and vice versa.

There are two types of trem:

  • Physiological. With the formation and growth of the jaw bones in a child, as well as in an adult, if the gap size does not exceed 0.7 mm.
  • Pathological. This species can be formed at the moment when the bite is already formed and the gap exceeds the size of 1 mm. This type of disease is characteristic of diseases of the gums, bone tissue atrophy and jaw deformity.

Mostly occurs between the front upper teeth, can reach a size of 7 mm.

There may also be two types:

  • False. This diastema can manifest itself during the development of milk teeth and often goes away on its own after lateral incisors erupt.
  • True. It forms after the period of growth of milk teeth ends and represents a large gap between the front teeth with a tight and short bridle located very close to the teeth.

Causes of

There are some reasons for which gaps may appear between the teeth.

These include:

  • Mismatch of jaw size and teeth. With a large jaw and small teeth, a gap appears in the gap. There are also situations where a small jaw, and the teeth grow large, they start to curl and grow not as expected. There may be a deviation of an anomalous nature, in this case, gaps may appear between different teeth.
  • With the wrong arrangement of the rudiments of teeth. In this situation, there may be a gap between the teeth, in rare cases, the cause are any tumors.
  • Habit in childhood suck a finger or pacifier, as well as biting nails, pens, pencils and other office items.
  • When the bridle is too large over the upper teeth it falls between the two upper teeth and prevents them from closing.
  • In cases of improper reflex swallowing. When swallowing, most people press the tongue to the surface of the sky, and some to the teeth, this habit leads to the front teeth being pulled forward and, accordingly, to a gap between them.
  • With periodontal disease. In severe forms, this disease manifests itself in the form of teeth loosening, which subsequently leads to the formation of a gap.
  • In the period of childhoodthere is a possibility of a gap between the teeth, but in such a situation it is too early to make diagnoses, because the growth of permanent teeth continues, and they have not yet taken their place.

Possible negative effects of the gap between the teeth

At first glance, such a small nuance, as the gap between the teeth can lead to very negative consequences.

Diastema can lead to such phenomena as: speech disorderIn this case, the effect of whistling or lisping may appear.

This defect cannot be corrected with a speech therapist.

The formation of diastema can spoil the bite, as a result curvature of facial features may occur. If you detect the occurrence of this defect, it is urgently necessary to correct it to prevent the formation of periodontitis and other diseases of the teeth.

At the dentists

Before determining the procedure for getting rid of the gap between the teeth, the specialist must determine the cause of the defect and then prescribe treatment. There are several methods.

Orthodontic method is an installation on the surface of the teeth of a special device. This method is the longest, it can take from one to three years.

There are two orthodontic methods:

  • Braces A very common solution to this problem, installing braces is an effective and safe procedure, but the result will be obtained after a fairly long period of time. They can help get rid of the gap of any nature and correct the wrong bite. Install braces better in childhood, because in an adult, the formation of the skeletal system is already complete and even after treatment, the teeth can assume their original position. To avoid this situation, the doctor can install a fixing plate on the back of the teeth. The downside to installing braces, besides prolonged wear, is that throughout the entire period of treatment they can not be removed. Many believe that their installation will look ugly. But in modern medicine there is the possibility of installing braces from a material that will be almost imperceptible on the teeth, although this look will differ in high cost.
  • Kapy for alignment of teeth. They are plastic covers that are very carefully put on the teeth, this method of treatment is used with a small gap on the teeth. Kappas are made individually for each patient. A dental impression is made and with the help of a computer - the kappa itself. This type has its advantages, in contrast to braces, you can shoot them. This fact simplifies the process of eating and brushing your teeth. Even with the aid of a mouthguard, there is the possibility of teeth whitening, in which case the doctor must add a special solution to the composition.

Orthopedic method It is a very thin plate that attaches to the front teeth and quickly eliminates the gap between the teeth. Thickness given plates do not exceed 0.7 mm. Before installation, it is necessary to properly prepare the teeth. First thing happens tooth fluoridationthen the teeth are carefully polished and a specialized gel is applied to their surface that protects their surface.

In case of violation of technology, there is the possibility of caries. When installing, the dentist must match the material to the color and shape of the patient’s teeth. This type of treatment has its advantages: Veneers are not painted when taking drinks and food, can not cause allergic reactions, they are completely safe for the gums, very strong and durable. But there are also disadvantages, this is a high cost, and also with long-term wearing there is the possibility of caries.

Artistic restoration methodsimilar to the usual filling. The doctor uses a special solution, which closes the gap between the teeth. This partition gets durability and natural color.

Using the surgical method, the adjustment of the gap produced in adolescent children. Surgical intervention is carried out with the wrong size of the bridle between the teeth. With this method it is possible to help the correct growth of the teeth and the diastema will disappear completely over time.

Procedure cost

The cost of treatment will depend on the procedure performed and the location of the clinic. Estimated minimum cost installationsveneers from 6000 rubles and above. BUT braces will cost depending on the type of approximately 20000 r. After removing braces, dentists recommend retainers. What are tooth retainers? This is a special design that does not allow teeth to move apart after braces.

If the disease is true, the treatment should be started soon, because the earlier the procedures are started, the easier and faster the result will be.

How to remove a diastema: correcting the gap between the front teeth with a photo before and after

Bite defects bring not only physiological discomfort - they look unaesthetic, as a result of which a person may have problems with communication and psychological complexes. The problem is especially acute if an unattractive gap is formed between the front teeth. Dentists call the defect diastema of the teeth. Some people manage to turn rare, imperfect teeth into the “zest” of the image. However, most people don’t like a hole between their teeth, and patients tend to remove the defect.

What is a diastema?

In dentistry, the gap between the teeth - the front incisors, the width of which varies from 0.1 to 1 cm is called diastema. Chipped rare teeth look unaesthetic. This is not the only drawback of rare teeth. The presence of diastema - especially large width - causes psychological discomfort, sometimes - speech disorders. In almost 90% of cases, the anomaly is localized in the upper dentition. Much less often the gap appears between the lower teeth.

Diastema must be distinguished from treme. Rare teeth - everything, except for the central incisors, between which holes of 0.1 cm and more in size were formed - this means the appearance of a trem. Slots whose width is less than one millimeter is a variant of the norm, and not a manifestation of treme. The elimination of tremé is organized in the same way as diastema treatment.

Why does a gap appear between the incisors?

Usually the gap between the upper incisors is due to genetic predisposition. Lye is diagnosed in half of family members with appropriate heredity. A number of anomalies in the development of the jaw can lead to the formation of the interdental space. Why does diastema occur?

  • cleft of the alveolar process,
  • jaw swelling,
  • late eruption of permanent teeth,
  • adentia - partial or multiple,
  • microdentia,
  • complementary impacted teeth,
  • abnormalities bridle.

Varieties of shcherbiny with photo

There are several varieties of the hole. You can visually get acquainted with a typical example in the photo to the article. The false and true diastema is distinguished. The first one often develops in children during the period of changing their milk teeth to permanent ones. Such a phenomenon is considered normal and does not require correction, by the time of formation of a permanent occlusion the gap between the front teeth disappears. If the gap appeared in the permanent dentition, then we are talking about the true variety. Eliminate it without the help of a dentist is impossible.

Also distinguish between symmetric and asymmetrical species. In the first case, it turns out that the front teeth parted at an equal distance from the central “axis”. In the second variant, one cutter is positioned correctly, and the other is separated from it. Another type of classification involves the separation of diastema depending on the location of the roots and crowns.

Features discrepancy milk teeth

Divergence of milk teeth occurs due to their improper growth. Rare teeth are often in the temporary bite in children. To worry about the fact that diastema of baby teeth in a child will negatively affect the formation of a permanent bite is not worth it. As a rule, the presence of rare teeth is temporary, and after their change passes without assistance. However, you still need to visit the dentist for a consultation and establish the causes of rare teeth.

To prevent the occurrence of diastema teeth in a child, you need to consult a specialist. This is required to be done when forming the gap at the age of 12-16 years. The dentist will identify exactly which teeth diverge. Then it will be recommended to wear a cap or arc of Angle. So gradually the dentition of a teenager will take the correct location.

Ways to eliminate the dental gap

Rare teeth look very unattractive. If a cleft has formed between two teeth, they “parted”, it can be corrected. When forming a diastema, the treatment may consist in performing restoration with composite materials, installing veneers or crowns, wearing orthodontic structures, or performing a surgical operation.

What is the correct name for the gap between the front teeth?

What we call shcherbinka in the language of dentists sounds like a diastema (diastema - translated from Greek - the interval, distance). In varying degrees, the diastema is found in almost every fifth adult inhabitant of the planet, and in every second child with milk teeth.

A diastema is an abnormally large gap between the central upper or lower incisors of the dentition. Its dimensions can vary from 1 to 10 mm. But most often there are crevices within 2 - 6 mm. Do not confuse diastema with trema, which is formed anywhere in the dentition, excluding the central incisors.

Important! The gap between the front teeth in adults and children needs preventive examination by a dentist. With an increase in the pathological process, a specialist may recommend to remove the gap.

Types of diastema

Faced with the problem of the gap between the front teeth, one should distinguish between a false and a true diastema.

  • False - found in children with milk teeth. After their change and as the bite is formed, it can pass by itself.
  • True - a diastema formed after a change of milk teeth and the formation of a bite, i.e. in adulthood. Independently, the visible gap between the teeth of an adult person does not go anywhere and needs treatment.

According to its structure, the cleft can be of two types.

  • Symmetric - a phenomenon in which the incisors change their location symmetrically with respect to each other and the conditional center of the dentition.
  • Asymmetric - a defect in which one of the front teeth retains its natural position, and the second deviates to the side, thereby forming a notch.

And given the direction of the vertical axis of the front incisors, the diastema classification will be as follows.

  • Lateral deviation of the crowns, in which the roots are arranged in parallel, and the incisors themselves diverge among themselves, forming a gap.
  • Corpus lateral displacement - the front teeth change their location along with the root.
  • The medial inclination of the central incisors of the crowns is the most complex type of diastrem, in which roots and teeth are susceptible to displacement. The incisors can grow to the side or with a turn around its axis.

Important! During the dental examination specialist examines and classifies diastema. Based on the complexity of the problem, the patient will be offered the most effective method of eliminating it.

Ways to correct the gap between the teeth

Diastema correction is a jewelry process whose main goal is to achieve the most even and perfect alignment of the central incisors. Depending on the complexity of the problem and the age of the patient, it may take 1 - 2 procedures or last for several years. The following methods of defect correction are recognized as the most effective and popular.

To remove the gap, the patient may be offered to wear braces - a fixed orthodontic structure, which allows the dentition to be evened out and to give the incisors the correct position. It is attached to the outside or inside of the teeth and can be completely invisible. The most effective braces demonstrate at the age of 16 years, while the bone tissue of the jaw is not yet fully formed. Wearing braces by adult patients is often unjustified, because after removing the orthodontic system, the incisors can gradually return to their original position and re-form the gap. The average cost of treatment is 50,000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • Duration of wearing can reach 3 years.
  • Needed more accurate and thorough oral care.
  • You can not shoot until the end of treatment.

2. Records

Removable orthopedic design, the principle of which is similar to braces. The plate equipped with “hand-made processes” pushes problematic incisors in the right direction and gradually they occupy the correct position. It is best to use plastics at an early age - up to 12 years, while the jawbone and the position of the teeth respond well to correction. The average cost of treatment is 30,000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • Suitable only for the correction of minor defects.

Removable mouthguards - orthodontic structures, which are a kind of "covers" that are put on the teeth. Made using 3D technology, they exert the necessary pressure on the problematic cutters, thereby shifting them in the right direction. Sequentially replacing mouthguards in size, from larger to smaller, they seek to eliminate the gap. The average cost is 150,000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • Safely.
  • Effectively.
  • You can shoot.
  • Transparent mouthguards are invisible on the teeth.

Veneers are micro-prostheses that act as a kind of lining material for the external surface of problematic teeth. Their installation allows you to close the gap, in the literal sense of the word. Made from modern, reliable materials, they do not cause allergies and are completely invisible on the dentition. The average cost of closing a diastema is 30,000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • Safely.
  • Effectively.
  • Large selection of materials and colors of veneers.
  • Quick visible result.

  • Requires pre-grinding of incisors.
  • After about 10 years, the veneer will wear out and require replacement.
  • Есть противопоказания – бруксизм, повышенная стираемость зубов. Также ограничением является экстремальный образ жизни.

5. Люминиры

Люминиры – ортопедическая накладка, чем-то похожа виниры. Like them, lumineers are mounted on the outer surface of the central incisors and completely enclose the diastema. Aesthetically, they are superior to veneers and allow you to get a sparkling Hollywood smile. The average cost of installation is 30,000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • Safely.
  • Effectively.
  • Quick visible result.
  • Pre-turning is not required.
  • The average service life is 20 years.

  • There are contraindications - bruxism, increased abrasion of teeth, extreme lifestyle.

Crowns - fixed orthopedic constructions, completely covering the incisor, which allows to close the gap. They can be made of plastic, ceramic, metal or composite materials. The average cost of 1 crown is 20,000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • Safely.
  • Effectively.
  • Large selection of materials.
  • Quick visible result.
  • Imperceptible in the dentition.
  • Can be installed on damaged teeth (up to 60% of damage is allowed).
  • Average service life - 10 - 20 years.

  • Preliminary tooth grinding is required.

7. Implants

Implants - fixed orthopedic structures designed for prosthetics of missing teeth, which caused the formation of diastema. The implant, embedded in the inert tissue of the jaw, replaces the roots of the tooth, allowing you to fully restore the functionality and aesthetics of the crown of the problematic incisor. The average cost of prosthetics is 40,000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • Safely.
  • Effectively.
  • Large selection of materials.
  • Quick visible result.
  • Lifetime life.

  • Postoperative monitoring is required.
  • There are contraindications.

8. Cosmetic Correction

This method is effective for minor diastema. In this case, the dentist simply imposes a small filling on the gap between the incisors, thereby visually eliminating the problem. The average cost of closing a diastema is 3000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • Safely.
  • Effectively.
  • Quick visible result.
  • Lack of contraindications.

  • Over time, the seal can change its color, violating the aesthetics of the dentition.
  • Average service life - 5 - 7 years.
  • It is necessary to control (reduce) the load on the front teeth at the time of biting.
  • The risk of caries at the junction of incisors.

9. Art restoration

Unlike cosmetic correction, artistic restoration is more durable. In the process of restoration, the dentist builds up the tissue of the front teeth using layered composite material. Hardening under the influence of an ultraviolet lamp, they look naturally, as part of a tooth, and create the effect of tight closure of incisors. The average cost of such aesthetic masking of the defect is 12,000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • Safely.
  • Effectively.
  • Fast visible effect.
  • The buildup is inconspicuous on the surface of the tooth.
  • Lack of contraindications.

  • It is necessary to control (reduce) the load on the front teeth at the time of biting.

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10. Surgical plastics

Surgery is necessary in the case when the diastema is formed due to the incorrect position of the frenulum of the lips. A low bridle simply prevents the incisors from closing, and they form a gap. To eliminate a birth defect, specialists perform plastic surgery on the bridle - the distance between the front teeth is reduced naturally and they occupy the correct position. After performing a plastic surgery, it may be necessary to wear orthodontic structures. The average transaction cost is 7,000 rubles (prices are valid for 2018).

  • The duration of diastema elimination may take several years.

Important! The earlier the wrong bridle position is detected, the easier it is to correct the defect. Ideal for this age - 5 - 8 years. Plastic surgery of the bridle carried out during this period contributes to the independent closing of the incisors, without wearing orthopedic constructions. At an older age, and even more so in adult patients, the teeth will need help — the incisors need to be guided and tied down with braces, plates or caps.

The cost of treatment in our clinic

The cost of removing the gap between the front teeth is based on the following factors.

  • The complexity of the problem.
  • Method of elimination.
  • The cost of consumables and drugs.

In this table you can find out the approximate prices of various ways to correct the defect.

Restoration or masking of the defect

The easiest and fastest way to correct a smile is the artistic restoration of teeth. It involves not treating the diastema, but disguising the defect. The method allows to eliminate the diastema in one visit to the dentist. The main advantages of the restoration are painlessness and short deadlines for correction. It is impossible to carry out the procedure on milk teeth. If the patient has a fully formed permanent bite, then there are no contraindications to the restoration. The technology of diastema treatment is similar to the procedure of filling:

  1. the dentist performs a visual inspection
  2. in the presence of carious lesions, the restoration is postponed until the end of treatment,
  3. the shade of the restoration material is selected, as close as possible to the natural color of the patient's enamel,
  4. the front incisors tissue is expanded using a plastic photopolymer material in layers,
  5. each layer is polished and dried,
  6. a partition is formed separating the incisors.

Installing crowns or veneers

Installation of metal-ceramic or all-ceramic crowns is a budget option with which the gap between the central incisors is removed. It is made according to individual sizes in the laboratory for a specific person. To ensure a snug fit, the tooth on which the crown will be put on is grinded.

Veneers are thin plates of high-strength ceramics or composite material. On average, the thickness of the plates is 0.7 mm, but there are also ultra-thin variants - lumineers. Veneers close the gap between the central teeth. This is a kind of prosthetics. Veneers are designed to mask the fact that the front teeth parted. They are glued to the outside with a special composition. On milk teeth, children veneers are not installed.

Of the minuses emit a high cost and the need to grind the abutment tooth, which eventually leads to the development of caries. Luminiry last lack of - due to the minimum thickness, they can stick without turning.

The advantages of veneers include:

  • high durability and strength
  • hypoallergenic,
  • safety for gums
  • resistance to staining.

Surgical treatment method

The high efficiency of the operation shows in the treatment of adolescents. Of the advantages of surgery - a short period of recovery and the complete disappearance of the gap. The gap disappears not immediately after the operation, but after a while.

Also, the installation of orthodontic structures is often used to eliminate diastema. In milder forms of anomaly, use cap. These are peculiar "covers" from transparent silicone which are put on a tooth row. They can be standard plastic, thermoplastic (taking the form of the patient's teeth when heated) or individual. The latter are made to order by a cast of jaw.

Among the advantages of the correction method are the following:

  • This is a removable design, some varieties are removed at the time of eating or put only for the night,
  • effectively eliminates small gaps between teeth
  • in parallel with the elimination of diastema corrects minor defects of the bite,
  • You can put a special gel inside the mouth guard, then the design will help not only fix the teeth, but also whiten them.

A traditional method of bite correction is wearing a bracket system. Such designs can be applied to patients of any age. Their use is most effective for children in whom the milk bite has been replaced permanently recently. Note that products for adults are different from children. The latter can only be used up to 13-14 years.

Depending on the design and the material used, they can be mounted on the outside of the dentition (vestibular) or on the inside (lingual). To get rid of the gap between the teeth of a child is faster - usually the correction takes from six months to two years. If an adult wants to eliminate the gap, he will have to wear braces 2-2.5 years, plus the same period of wearing the plate to fix the result.

Can I get rid of diastema at home?

Many patients are interested in whether it is possible to get rid of diastema at home or not. If we are talking about the false form of the anomaly (the milk teeth have dispersed), then it does not require any treatment and eventually passes by itself.

Closing the true anomalies at home is impossible. Such a growth defect of the central incisors requires the use of surgical, hardware or complex treatment techniques, which are practically impossible to use outside a specialized medical facility. The exception is wearing a cap or braces - but in this case you will have to contact the clinic to make a construction there.

How to remove the gap between the front teeth: all methods of correction

When the teeth change, no one knows how they grow - even, with cracks, will be incorrectly located in a row, and so on. Sometimes you have to use orthodontic tools to make a smile aesthetic. What to do if there is a gap between the front teeth, and if you need to adjust the growth of incisors?

The content of the article:

What is the name of this problem in dentistry?

A gap between the front teeth brings a lot of discomfort. She is makes a person hide a wide and sincere smile.

The owners of the diastema, this name is chuck between the two front incisors, involuntarily there is an obsession to get rid of it.

But the diastema is not present in every person There are factors that lead to its formation. Let us examine them in more detail.

Why does a diastema appear?

  1. The most important factor in the emergence of a gap between the incisors in front is hereditary factor.

If one of the parents has it, then the probability of its occurrence in children is also high.
With a low bridle upper lip a diastema appears. If it is of the mucous type, the incisors can grow together, but then they diverge.

When the fibrous bridle type initially during the growth of teeth, you can see the far distance between them. The width of the slit depends on which part of the gum the bridle is attached to (the tissue of the gingival papilla, in the middle of the gum, near the fold of the upper lip).

  • Incorrect shape and size of incisors also leads to diastema. If they are too small, do not correspond to the size of the gums, then there is an extra distance between them.
  • Late appearance of incisors entails the emergence of shcherbinki. The reason is that the gum has already grown, and the teeth have not yet grown, as a result of which space appears between them.
  • Habit gnaw different objects causes teeth to grow wrong. Because of her, the incisors undergo some changes: they grow outside the row, change the direction of growth, and so on.
  • A slot appears as a result of mechanical stress on one of the incisors: trauma, pulling out one tooth. If an artificial incisor is not placed nearby, the teeth are shifted, and a diastema occurs.
  • The reverse problem, due to which there is a chink, is considered lack of chewing teeth. The incisors take on "responsibility" for chewing food, which entails their divergence.
  • With a pathological condition of the gumsholding the incisors, canines in their places, incisors grow like a fan, which leads to clefts between them all.
  • Some causes can be cured or eliminated in a fairly short time, which will prevent an increase in diastema. But there are reasons for the appearance of a gap, which need long-term help from an orthodontist and cannot be ignored.

    Fissures between the incisors do not go away by themselves, on the contrary, over the years they only increase.

    Lateral deviation of crowns

    Deviation of incisors in the center leads to the appearance of a gap, even if their roots are normally located. Lateral is lateral deviation. If you draw straight lines from the end of the tooth root to its exit from the gum, they will be parallel. Teeth apart already outside.

    This result can be obtained due to frequent nail nibbling, pens and other items. Also, the cause of discrepancies in the incisors with even tops of the roots may occur with complementary teeth.

    Sometimes there are excessive in number of teeth, when they appear, diastema occurs.

    Body lateral offset

    This kind of hole is that lateral displacement of the front incisors body occurs. This is where the location of the entire tool changes along with its root. Often this occurs as a result of the absence of one or more teeth in a row.

    Also to the diastema of this species leads the sealing process along the middle suture of the bone tissue. Then, due to the density, the teeth together with the roots move, grow out of place and crevices appear between them.

    When bridle low attached to the upper lipIt also shifts growing incisors. Also, the cause of the lateral body displacement may be the growth of extra teeth or the absence of normal incisors or canines.

    Medial inclination of the central incisors

    In this case, a deviation occurs at the root level. The incisors begin to grow already wrong. They can deviate not only to the sides, but also to turn along the axis.

    This species is the most difficult to correct., since you need to align the teeth in several directions.

    The cause of this pathological growth of incisors is the growth of several supernumerary teeththat grow between the first incisors.

    This phenomenon also occurs with the growth of one extra tooth.if it grows transversely. The incisors diverge in such a position when odontoma appears or a few teeth are missing.

    Before treatment of this type of diastema, it is imperative to make an x-ray to see what is under the gum, whether there are any tumors or abnormalities in the growth of a number of teeth.

    This type of diastema occurs in the process of changing teeth.. Many mothers are afraid that the first indigenous incisors of a child will be very far apart.

    But do not get prematurely upset, because with the growth of other indigenous incisors, canines and chewing teeth, the first will align. The false diastema is therefore called that, with time, there is no trace of it.

    It is important to follow the oral cavity so as not to miss the true diastema.

    False gap may be accompanied by minor speech impairment. The child appears whistling or lisping hue when talking. After the whole teething, the whistle goes away.

    Treatment methods

    Experts offer several types of gap correction between the incisors., depending on the reason for its appearance, individual tolerance and financial capabilities of the patient.

    In order to determine which method to use and how much it will cost, we consider in more detail each type.

    Braces placed at the gaps between the incisors, their wrong growth in a row, scrolling along the axis and in other cases. Sometimes patients do not want to install such systems because of their outdoor installation, difficulties in caring for the oral cavity and prolonged wear.

    photo: view of the upper teeth before and after treatment

    But Braces effectively align the dentition. You can not install them only on the first incisors, if there is a gap between them. The locks cling to each tooth in order to systematically move them to the center.

    In the process of wearing locks twisted, and the arc straightened. This gives the desired result. Braces regularly reviewed by a specialist, on average, 1 every 2-3 months.

    The cost of such a correction is about 50 000 rubles on one jaw. The price depends on the material of the locks and the arc of the system.

    This is a kind of "covers" for the teeth that are put on the incisors and canines, producing pressure on them. With this design there is a reduction of the gap and getting rid of it. This correction method is aesthetic, since caps are not visible. Visually, the smile becomes whiter.

    Capes are made individually; the patient is provided with a predicted result in electronic form for consultation with the orthodontist.

    With diastema, the problem can easily be solved with veneers. Orthodontists slit closed composite material. To do this, do not need to use dental treatment, and the result is obtained after 1 - 1.5 hours.

    This correction is applied if there are no other abnormal teeth growth.with minor diastema. Veneers can also be fixed in different ways incisors. In this case, put straight veneers.

    The price for such a service is on average 10 000 rubles for therapeutic veneers and 30 000 rubles on orthopedic.

    This is a certain type of plates on the teeth that do not require their grinding. From veneers they different subtlety and installation features. In general, the principle of correction for these two methods is the same - do not remove the defect, but close it.

    photo: before and after closing diastema

    Люминиры кроме закрытия диастемы позволяют получить сверкающую фарфоровую белизну улыбки. При этом не нужно обтачивать эмаль для их установки. Они придают правильную форму резцам, соединяя их вместе.

    Опыты ортодонтов свидетельствуют о том, что установленные люминиры способны служить до 20 лет. Стоимость люминиров составляет от 20 000 до 40 000 рублей.

    This is an affordable diastema correction method effective and easy to use. Installation depends on the preferences of the patient. The plates are made of high quality plastic, safe for health.

    The teeth are attached with hooks, screws and springs. Gradually attracting incisors to each other. If there are other anomalies in the growth of teeth, the plates handle them very well during their use.

    Plates do not move the teeth, but keep them in the correct position. The cost of such a device 10,000 - 20,000 rubles.

    Do I need to get rid of diastema?

    The gap between the incisors prevents some people from living a full life - they are forced to hide their emotions in a smile behind the “iron curtain” of the lips.

    Do I need to get rid of diastema? This question is asked by many patients who cannot make decisions about visiting an orthodontist.

    Modern dentistry is replete with the latest methods to eliminate any defect. in a fairly short time, including diastema.

    Its correction depends on the desire of the patient. If he is eager to get rid of this aesthetic problem, then there is no need to hesitate with a visit to the dentist.

    If the gap has a tendency to expand, you do not need to wait until it acquires impressive dimensions.It is important to quickly correct it.

    Prevention

    Any doctor will say that it is better to prevent the disease than to treat it. So with the diastema - you need to follow basic rules to prevent it, so you do not spend time and money to get an even smile.

    For prevention, it is important to follow these rules:

    • Constantly monitor the habits of children nibbling different objects.
    • Teach your child to properly care for the oral cavity, show how to clean the incisors, canines, chewing teeth, this will preserve the health of the gums and prevent the spread of bacteria.
    • To accustom yourself to systematic visits to the dentist in order to identify deviations in time and cure them.
    • If there is a predisposition, begin to correct the anomaly as early as possible, while the teeth still have mobility in the gums.

    Preventive measures are not difficult, it is important to constantly remember them and to teach your children to this.

    In this video, an orthodontist doctor will answer the question: do you need to clean the gap between your front teeth or not?

    If you find an error, please highlight a piece of text and click Ctrl + Enter.

    Perfilyeva Inna Yuryevna

    Psychologist, Psychodramatist. Specialist from the website b17.ru

    - September 4, 2016, 13:22

    Braces to help you, to the dentist you good.

    - September 4, 2016, 13:26

    I once saw a program about the stars - so they directly said that even the stars do not re-recommend these veneers. For it is difficult to repair the defect. Although - I personally do not care who has this gap, why you bother so much and who instilled such a complex in you - I need you to think.

    - September 4, 2016, 13:34

    Braces will help, I only put in 28 years

    - September 4, 2016, 13:37

    [quote = "Guest"] Braces will help, for 28 years I have only delivered [/ quote
    and how much did the money cost?

    - September 4, 2016, 13:40

    Even models have such defects, and some even find it attractive, never mind

    - September 4, 2016, 13:48

    Braces They will compress a little front teeth. Worse, if the gap between all teeth. But it is convenient to clean).

    - September 4, 2016, 14:31

    The budget option is to grow a little teeth from 2 sides. I did so) I go happy)

    - September 4, 2016, 2:33 PM

    The budget option is to grow a little teeth from 2 sides. I did so) I go happy)

    +++
    Also increased more than 10 years ago

    - September 4, 2016, 14:36

    Build up is how? Veneers are short-lived and they grind down their teeth, as well as crowns.
    Author, I personally see a way out only in braces or crowns, if very bad.

    - September 4, 2016, 14:40

    Growth! Full video in the same instagramme

    - September 4, 2016, 14:44

    Growth! Full video in the same instagramme

    Well, let you instagramm and builds up).

    - September 4, 2016, 14:44

    Not a gap, but a diastema)

    - September 4, 2016, 14:48

    The budget option is to grow a little teeth from 2 sides. I did so) I go happy)

    I refused (they said, unreliable

    - September 4, 2016, 15:03

    The budget option is to grow a little teeth from 2 sides. I did so) I go happy)

    ++++++ is absolutely true. In 2 hours I had 4 full teeth, the cracks were not only between the front, but also on the side. Everything is beautiful - like yours. Already the 5th year I go with them.

    - September 4, 2016, 15:17

    Lena Temnikova from the silver group is also like her and she is considered to be a sexy beauty and I really like

    - September 4, 2016, 15:19

    +++
    Also increased more than 10 years ago

    To a good dentist.
    I have had a split-off tooth in front at the top, in the most prominent place - I have been walking for more than 10 years, everything is holding up perfectly and is not noticeable. And now, I think, materials and technologies are much better in dentistry.

    - September 4, 2016, 15:25

    I have a gap between my teeth — I didn’t bother, the fans were there, she got married well.

    Related topics

    - September 4, 2016, 15:45

    I have a gap between my teeth — I didn’t bother, the fans were there, she got married well.

    Pugacheva used to be

    - September 4, 2016, 16:00

    Pugacheva used to be

    Then she tried to get rid of her - because ugliness.

    - September 4, 2016, 16:08

    Vanessa Paradis and Temnikova have it. she obviously does not wave at them but gives charm.

    - September 4, 2016, 17:11

    I refused (they said, unreliable

    - September 4, 2016, 5:30 pm


    I refused (they said, unreliable

    So, the dentist is a handle)))
    My bridle was cut in 10 years. A month after that, the teeth have become without a gap) and still so ..

    - September 4, 2016, 18:33

    [quote = "Kitty"] Vanessa Paradis and Temnikova have it. she obviously doesn’t wave at them but gives charm. [/ quote Temnikova is generally super. where are the local Klushkam to her

    - September 4, 2016, 6:45 pm

    The men perceive this crack as a fetish. They have the opinion that such a maiden with @ set better and more agile!)))) In general, like men!
    I am not a man and I have an even dense row of teeth, I appreciate the same in the opposite field! But the taste and color)))

    - September 4, 2016, 20:41

    Lena Temnikova from the silver group is also like her and she is considered to be a sexy beauty and I really like

    Oh, I like looking into the water that Temnikovu recall in the topic of chipped

    - September 4, 2016, 20:48

    Lindsey Wixon, Ashley Smith, Lara Stone, Vanessa Paradis, no gap did not prevent to be successful. Wixon is so pretty. But Paradis is not looking right now, not because of the diastema, but because it has lost weight and wrinkles are dark. Previously, too, was very nice.

    - September 4, 2016, 21:26

    I have a friend with such teeth. Nothing, he lives in clover, looks pretty nice.

    - September 5, 2016, 07:25

    I have almost not seen after the wisdom teeth appeared. And in childhood was quite wide. I think braces will be able to resolve the issue.

    - September 5, 2016, 09:54

    I had a gap between the 6 front teeth, also offered to increase, because your teeth are small. But I chose an alternative to braces, after braces in our case, you should definitely wear a life retainer and a mouth guard for the night.

    - September 5, 2016, 15:14

    If your teeth are healthy - do not wear veneers on them, they will not become healthier from this. Better braces if you want. But in general, it is even better to stop bathing about it - it’s not for nothing that so many people call this gap a highlight, and in Japan, girls in general make themselves artifi- cially only as a fashion statement.

    - September 6, 2016, 03:46

    Who has the lips in the form of "Cupid's arc" often have a gap between the two front teeth - not necessarily, but often. As in Wixon, for example, her characteristic lips are a bow and diastema.

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    The essence of the problem

    Dentists call the gap between the teeth diastema. The distance between the front incisors can be from 1 to 5-6 millimeters. And, of course, the more it is, the more it is striking. The reasons for the formation of diastema can be very diverse.

    Among them, the most frequent ones are such as too late replacement of milk teeth, bad habits (finger sucking, gnawing pens, pencils or nails), the absence of any other teeth, abnormal sizes of lateral incisors, low frenulum, periodontal disease and others.

    Should I worry?

    All people strive for the ideal, and this is quite normal. But in such a pursuit you can lose your individuality, become completely ordinary and inconspicuous and merge with the crowd. Individuality is expressed not only in facial features, features of the figure and other parameters of appearance, but also in some small distinctive features that many consider to be defects.

    In fact, women’s chin doesn’t interfere with life and in no way spoils the appearance in most cases. And in such situations one should not argue with nature and try to change oneself. You just need to love yourself and every part of your body, become more confident and proud to be given by parents and nature. Let the gap between your teeth will be a kind of your cute and unusual feature.

    The gap between the teeth is fashionable.

    Yes, if earlier Shcherbinka was considered something ugly, and people with such a feature were subjected to all sorts of mockery, today it has become a real fashion trend. Some belong to the Shcherbinka calmly, others simply do not notice her, and still others turn her into a bright line, which, by the way, is considered quite sexy and extravagant.

    At one time, the famous Alla Pugacheva got rid of the gap between her teeth. But some famous people not only decided not to change anything, but also became famous thanks to their unique smile.

    Such celebrities as Elena Temnikova, the legendary Vanessa Paradis (she has a very large and noticeable shcherbinka, but this did not prevent her at one time to conquer the heart of Hollywood handsome Johnny Depp) are happy with themselves and not shy of their teeth between the teeth, The popular and highly sought-after model is Georgia Mae Jagger (she is the face of many popular brands), the model Abby Lee Kershaw, the model Ashley Smith, Lara Stone, Shannon Doherty, the legendary Bridget Bordeaux and many others.

    How to solve a problem?

    How to remove the gap between the front teeth? Today there are several ways to solve this problem:

    1. Braces This is a special complex system that allows you to move teeth and change their position. This is a fairly effective way, but the complete correction of the defect can take from six months to two years. Many people are confused by the fact that braces are very noticeable and spoil the appearance. But there are systems made of transparent materials, so that they are almost invisible on the teeth. In addition, the attachment can be placed not on the front surface of the teeth, but on the back, so that no one will guess about their presence. The advantages of this method include the fact that no interventions will be carried out.
    2. An excellent replacement for braces are the so-called mouthguards. They are transparent and invisible and also contribute to the movement of teeth. Moreover, the elimination of the defect will be more painless and faster than using braces. But the price of caps is very high, as they are made individually and from durable modern materials using innovative technologies.
    3. Restoration (building). This method is most common, since the elimination of the gap is completely painless and is performed quickly. The essence of the restoration lies in the fact that the tissues of one or two front scars are enlarged, that is, as it were added and supplemented. For the restoration of used modern composite materials, characterized by high strength. They are selected individually for the color of natural enamel, so they remain invisible. But over time, the materials can break off, so that may need to be re-restored.
    4. Crowns. This option is suitable if the tooth has an irregular shape or is partially destroyed. In this case, they will grind it, and put a crown on top. If the crown is damaged, its complete replacement will be required.
    5. Veneers This method is the most revolutionary, but one of the most expensive. A veneer is a thin plate that attaches to the front of a native tooth. Thus, the gap completely overlaps. At the same time, the tissues of the existing tooth are practically not damaged (you only need to create a light artificial roughness for durable fastening). But over time, you may need to replace the veneer. In addition, chips may form as a result of the small thickness of the plate.
    6. If the cause of shcherbinki is the wrong location of the bridle, then surgery may be necessary, and only after it other work will be done (the bridle may interfere with the installation of veneers or crowns, as well as during restoration).

    Feel free to smile and enjoy your personality!

    What it is?

    Photo: installed veneers for trem (before and after treatment)

    Trema - from the Greek "trema" means slot or hole. So called the presence of gaps between the teeth despite the fact that the dentition is full. Do not confuse tremu with diastema. This name has received a gap between the front teeth - the two upper central incisors.

    It is about treme, since this is a deviation can bring quite a lot of trouble later. In contrast, a diastema in most cases causes only psychological problems, since it has a bad effect on the aesthetics of a smile. Gaps can appear not only in large numbers between all teeth, but also in a single version.

    The distance between the lateral surfaces of the teeth can be considered normal if it does not exceed 0.7 mm. In this case, no pathological changes occur.

    Interestingly, the upper jaw is more susceptible to this phenomenon, whereas at the lower pathological tremens are observed quite rarely.

    If we talk about pathology, then exceeding the border of 0.7 mm is not always attributed to it. However, there is a lower bound when changes are considered dangerous — a distance greater than 1 mm. The severity of this problem is determined not so much by the distance as by the possible changes in the patient's appearance that have occurred or may occur afterwards.

    Let's find out how much ceramic braces cost and what their price is made of.

    Our review describes in detail how children grow teeth.

    Description of the problem

    To a large extent, the presence of three can be considered an aesthetic problem. However they may cause functional problems.

    The first thing to say is that the contact surfaces formed when the side walls of the teeth come in contact have a protective function. They protect the gingival nipples from possible injury during eating (chewing).

    Accordingly, all gum tissues can be injured, and periodontal pockets can form. They affect the quality of oral hygiene. Leaves of food, germs and so on are collected there.

    I.e patients with trema are at increased risk of developing periodontal disease - pathological inflammatory process in the gums. Also in adults who have a problem such as having three, greatly increases the likelihood of rapid caries, and as a result, and pulpitis.

    Varieties and symptoms

    The main symptom of this disease is the presence of empty space in the jaw, both upper and lower. According to the nature of the occurrence, the tremes are classified into two main classes.

    • Physiological. This species does not appear in adults. It is observed only in childhood at a certain period. This is the time when they are replaced by permanent milk teeth.
    • Pathological. There may be many reasons. Appear already when the permanent bite is fully formed and the process of making the dentition is completed. Dentists strongly recommend not to leave this problem without attention and begin to fix it as soon as possible.

    One of the features of the three, which can also be attributed to the symptoms, is the slow but steady process of further increasing the intervals, which becomes noticeable with age.

    From the above, we can draw the following conclusion: all the symptoms boil down to the fact that there is more than one abnormally large gap between any teeth. This requires that you consult a professional dentist who will decide whether there is a need for treatment.

    What are they coming from?

    As already mentioned, there are a lot of reasons for this problem. In some cases, to solve it should eliminate the initial factor that triggered the development.

    If we talk about physiological tram, then the reason for their appearance is too rapid growth of all the bones of the child, including the jaws. The size of the teeth remains the original, they do not have time to quickly reach normal values. At the same time, the appearance of treme is completely normal.

    Even the opposite - if at about five years old (age is inaccurate, depends on the individual characteristics of development) the baby does not have small gaps between the teeth, this can be a problem in itself.

    The fact is that such a state of affairs may be conditional on a delay in the development and growth of jaw tissue. Then the doctor may even decide on the appropriate adjustment measures.

    The appearance of pathological three is characterized by a much greater variety of causes.

    • Anomalous size or shape of teeth. The most often talk about the irregular shape of the lateral incisors. Because of this, the gaps appear next to them.
    • The discrepancy that occurs between the size of the teeth and jaw bone.
    • Abnormal arrangement of the primordia of the teeth, which manifests itself quite late.
    • The presence of any tumors, including tumor.
    • Abnormal development or growth of the labial frenulum is the place where the upper lip is attached directly to the gum. Sometimes it grows to larger than the required size. In these cases, it is wedged between the front incisors, thereby causing the formation of gaps.
    • Heredity is a fairly frequent factor in the appearance of this problem. If at least one of the parents suffered from this, then there is a very big risk that the child will also have a trem.
    • The presence in childhood and adolescence of some bad habits. For example, the constant very long sucking of the pacifier, the systematic holding in the mouth of pencils, pens, other stationery, fingers, the desire to bite the nails, and so on.
    • Slowing the normal process of loss of milk teeth, which provokes a delay in changing them to permanent.
    • The loss or significant damage to one / several teeth is already in adults. This provokes the “divergence” of the rest to occupy the entire jaw completely. This process can occur only in the absence of appropriate treatment - prosthetics or implantation. Hence the conclusion that it is necessary to fill the empty spaces in the jaw.
    • Disorders of the normal swallowing reflex. A norm is considered if, in the process of swallowing, the tongue is located near the upper palate and pressed against it. Some people, when swallowing, unconsciously press the tongue not to the sky, but to the front teeth. This creates a fairly strong craving, which provokes an increase in the distance between them.
    • The displacement of the jaw, which occurs for various reasons.
    • The gaps in the jaw can also be the result of some dental diseases and their complications in the absence of proper treatment. It may even be caries, but most often this happens with the development of gingivitis, its complications of periodontitis and periodontal disease. These are inflammatory processes in the gums, which can lead to loosening, divergence and even loss of teeth.

    See photos of patients with braces before and after the treatment procedure.

    We will tell you about the possible consequences of wisdom tooth extraction.

    How to remove?

    The physiological factors of the appearance of this problem do not require special intervention, only observation, since in most cases this process is normal and the phenomenon goes away on its own.

    If there is a pathological appearance of the gaps, then treatment depends on what reason it was caused, as it is necessary to eliminate it if possible.

    Methods of treatment can be very different - from therapeutic, orthodontic and surgical to their complex application. In addition to the reason, when choosing a treatment, the dentist will necessarily take into account the degree of severity of the problem and its aesthetic component.

    Before embarking on treatment and drawing up a plan of procedures, it is imperative to conduct a thorough study, including panoramic and three-dimensional images of both jaws. They can show the wrong location relative to the middle line of the roots in the gums and jaw tissue.

    Various removal techniques

    Here are the techniques used in modern dentistry to eliminate this phenomenon.

    1. The first way is use of various orthodontic constructions. However, this is a very long process. Its effectiveness depends on the severity. The fact is that in adults, large cracks are unlikely to be completely eliminated using bracket systems and other orthodontic methods.
    2. Implantation. This method is effective if the problem is due to partial edentulous. Then implants are put in place of missing teeth. However, these should be concerned at the very beginning, and not delay the process of discrepancy.
    3. Restoration using composites. This is a good way in which dental surfaces are expanded using a composite. It does not require grinding the enamel, and the composites themselves are elastic and easily amenable to re-restoration.
    4. Installation of veneers. These are thin plates that replace the front surface of the teeth. However, they can have different widths, which allows you to effectively close the cracks formed.

    Refusal of treatment can be fraught with very unpleasant consequences for health and external aesthetics. That is why after tremes become noticeable, even small ones, you should consult a specialist..

    We watch a small video with comments of the dentist about this problem:

    Essence of pathology

    In this article we will look at the essence of the problem, the varieties of these same liquors and ways to eliminate the defect.

    A barely noticeable gap between the teeth is rarely the cause of the patient's restraint or discomfort. But wide and noticeable gap in photographs and X-rays is a problem and even got the name in medicine "diastema "Which means" distance "or" interval "from Greek.

    As a rule, pathology is diagnosed as early as childhood during the formation of permanent teeth and bite. Parents do not pay attention to the tiny gap, hoping that the teeth will “occupy” the desired position with time and the lack will be smoothed out. However, this is not always the case.

    Teeth diastema: a gap between the front incisors

    In adulthood, the gradual formation of a deficiency is also possible, and this may be preceded by the following symptoms:

    • lingual activity (habitual muscle),
    • development and sealing of the bridle under the lip,
    • periodontal disease,
    • diet (in rare cases, the expansion of the gap is influenced by the style of eating and the types of products used).

    Essentially, a diastema is a pathology of the formation of the front incisors, between which gaps of a size of 1 mm to 1 cm are formed. It occurs mainly in the upper row between the front teeth, but sometimes it also occurs in the lower one.

    The gap between the tooth and gum, as well as between the incisors can be narrowed or parallel. Basically, its shape resembles a triangle, with the apex located either in the area of ​​the gums, or closer to the cutting edge.

    Often, a diastema is accompanied by a developed powerful bridle, the tissue of which is literally interwoven into the interdental nipple, causing other various pathologies.

    Defect treatment involves the use of therapeutic dentistry, orthopedics and orthodontics. less often - surgical intervention.

    Refusing to treat the disease in favor of individuality and the "highlight" patient puts himself at risk, because the interdental lumen is a favorable factor for the emergence of periodontitis of the front incisors. Also, pathology can disrupt the pronunciation of certain sounds (dispia), contribute to the appearance of lisping or whistling (hissing) during intercourse, which creates additional discomfort for both the patient and his interlocutor.

    Varieties of ailment

    So, we looked at the name of the gap between the front teeth (diastema). Gaps located in another part of the series, called "treme".

    There is a main classification of the disease, dividing the diastema into true and false.

    False diastema appears at an early age before the full formation of bite

    The latter manifests itself in childhood, when there is a change of milk teeth to indigenous ones, a permanent bite is formed.

    Many parents are interested in how to remove the gap between the front teeth of the child. The orthopedic dentist will advise to wait for the complete formation of the bite, because often after a change of teeth, the lumens are closed.

    The true form appears already in adulthood, when the bite is fully formed. There is no hope for nature - the disadvantage does not disappear without the use of adequate treatment by an orthopedist, orthodontist, or the same dental surgeon.

    There are other types of defects in the method of location. Symmetric diastema is characterized by the fact that the central teeth are moved apart (change position) by the same gap, mirror each other. In the case of an asymmetrical form, one of the teeth remains in its natural position, and the second one is shifted (deviated).

    There is another, more complex classification, which identifies 3 new forms of pathology.

    1. The crowns of the teeth are inclined, but their roots remain in a natural position.
    2. Crowns are completely offset.
    3. Deviate and crowns of the tooth and their roots.

    Causes of pathology

    Untimely correction of bite in a child is one of the causes of the gap between the front teeth

    Many patients are interested in why gaps appear between the teeth. Some refer to the late correction of bite in a child, others to jaw injuries or diseases of the teeth and gums. In any case, the truth is one - interdental clearance does not appear without a reason.

    1. Hereditary predisposition. For some people, the formation of the jaw occurs according to the scenario of the next of kin and the system is laid down literally “by default”. And also contribute to this too developed interdental nipples and bridle under the lips, its low attachment to the lip.
    2. Baby teeth in children, it is sometimes very late to be replaced by permanent ones, which leads to various defects of the dentition and the disturbance of the bite.
    3. Adentia series also often led to a change in the natural location of the teeth.
    4. If a tooth was amputated in the front row and for a long time it was not restored using prosthetics or implantation, the neighboring teeth could change position, filling the resulting lumen.

    If at least one tooth is missing in the dentition, this may cause a gap between the front teeth.

  • In case of abnormal development of anterior and posterior teeth. changes in their natural shape and size, clearance may appear.
  • If the gap between the teeth appeared suddenly. pay attention to your habits. Some patients unknowingly gnaw creek caps, pencils, cutlery, as well as nails, cuticle, etc. The habit of picking objects between teeth can gradually change their position, expanding the clearance.
  • If a person has had chewing molars removed. then the central incisors often diverge, filling the resulting lumens.
  • Diseases or pathologies of periodontal development also lead to discrepancies incisors.
  • How to fix the problem

    A dentist is regularly asked whether it is possible to correct such a specific defect without resorting to cardinal methods.

    Fortunately, modern clinics are able to offer more than one solution to the problem, returning the patient a beautiful and healthy smile forever.

    So, you have decided that you want to get rid of shcherbinki for some reason (unaesthetic, unhygienic, causes discomfort during communication, leads to the development of diseases of the teeth and gums, breaks the bite, etc.). The doctor performs a visual inspection, makes an x-ray, if necessary, and selects the most relevant way to eliminate the defect, taking into account the cause of the lumen, its width, shape and location.

    Consider the basic ways to correct the defect.

    1. Art restoration. This direction of aesthetic dentistry involves the use of therapeutic techniques to grow the tissue between the teeth. The dentist, together with the patient, selects the color of the composite, which coincides as much as possible with the natural shade of enamel. Next, a kind of interdental filling is made, which fills the anomalous space, veneers and tabs are used.

    Before and after artistic restoration

    In this case, the hole between the front teeth takes only one visit (the procedure takes no more than an hour), while often the process is completely painless and does not require the use of local anesthesia. This technique is made for patients of different gender and age, has no complications, contraindications and special requirements for care. It is also allowed to resort to restoration for pregnant women, cancer patients and in a number of other specific cases.

  • Surgical plastic. Quite an expensive technique, which is based on the elimination of diastema by installing veneers and crowns. The result of the plastics is surprising, the defect disappears completely without visible traces of treatment, as in the case of restoration. In this case, the risk of recurrence of the pathology is the most minimal.
  • Surgical intervention. In some cases, the elimination of the problem is impossible without the use of surgical techniques. They are mainly required when the cause of the diastema is anomalous size, tooth shape, too massive or low bridle set. In this case, the dentist-surgeon performs the excision of soft tissues, forming a favorable situation for the formation of the dentition.
  • Orthodoxy. Many patients are looking for how to fix the gap between the front teeth without surgery. In this case, the most common and safe way to eliminate the defect is applied, which, unfortunately, is also the longest. The orthodontist forms an impression of the jaw with the aim of subsequent correction of the bite and the natural arrangement of the teeth in a row. On the basis of the impression, a dental technologist manufactures a bracket system that is attached to the teeth. In modern dentistry, massive iron plates and braces causing complexes in children and adolescents have not been used for a long time.. There are even invisible braces, which are installed on the back side of the tooth and are invisible to the interlocutor. The length of wearing orthodontic constructions is individual and depends on the size of the lumen and physiological features. As a rule, the formation of the correct bite and elimination of the defect takes from 6 months to 2.5 years.
  • How else to remove the gap between the teeth? Instead of braces, the dentist-orthodontist can install mouthguards - a kind of transparent bags for the teeth. With the help of computer technology, the natural correct tooth shape, its size is laid in the tray. Also, the "smart" technology allows you to gradually shift the tooth in the desired direction, so that the chink disappears.

    Mouthguards are hardly noticeable on the teeth and are often worn only at bedtime, which is suitable for working adults. They can be removed before eating. Also a nice bonus is whitening the tooth inside the tray due to the special material inside.

    Each dentist will advise you to promptly eliminate the problem of the interdental gap, because the "zest" sooner or later may become a source of diseases, speech defects and infections that develops in the resulting lumen.

    We will understand in terms

    Dentists call the gap between the teeth a diastema, and it can be true or false. Diastemas that form in children during the period of changing their milk teeth to permanent ones are called false, usually it occurs at the age of 3-5 years, and eventually disappears on its own without any external influences.

    True - those that are formed as a result of any pathological effects, for example, with premature loss of milk teeth or as a result of anatomical features that are inherited.

    Dentists on the causes of the formation of diastema

    The gap between the teeth usually makes itself felt in childhood, but dentists say that it can be independently adjusted. If not, then this is often due to improper attachment of the upper lip frenulum. At the same time, the true gap between the teeth will remain even in adolescence and adulthood and will not be able to correct itself.

    Recall that in the mouth there are three bridles: tongue, as well as the lower and upper lips. The upper lip bridle is a slimy band that at one end is woven into the lip mucosa, and the other into the gum of the alveolar process of the jaw just above the necks of the upper central incisors. If it is attached below, at the level of incisors, or even passes between them, then a gap is formed between the teeth.

    In modern society, a trend was created from such a feature, but only if the gap is small and there are no pathology of the bite, and the smile seems to be symmetrical.

    Стоматологи говорят о том, что формирование щели между зубами у подростков может быть симптомом наличия сверхкомплектных зубов, поэтому при исследовании детей нередко назначают рентгенологическое исследование с целью исключения их наличия.

    Щербинка у подростков: тренд или патология

    Modern fashion dictates its own characteristics; many of the minor flaws make advantages. So, several decades ago, the gap between the teeth with the light hand of some Western stars has become a trend, a fashionable feature.

    Today, more and more often you can see beautiful girls from the covers of magazines with white teeth and a gap between them. Seeing this, adolescents strive to meet them and do not wish to correct a small defect.

    Among celebrities, there are many people with such a small feature: Alla Pugacheva, Madonna, Zak Efron, Matthew Lewis, Vanessa Paradis, and others. And Vanessa had a chin between her teeth and became literally a personal signature and peculiarity, and only recently Vanessa decided to correct it.

    But what will the dentists say? Doctors say that chink between the teeth is not only an aesthetic, but also a functional defect, which is often combined with other pathology of the bite. The incorrect ratio of teeth in the anterior section due to discrepancies may entail a chain of successive changes that threaten the development of more complex bite pathologies.

    In addition, the distance between the teeth will increase the risk of developing caries. The accumulation of food debris between the teeth can be considered as a powerful predisposing factor for the development of caries and inflammatory diseases of the gums. In some cases, the interdental gap will contribute to speech impairment.

    Therefore, most dentists advise to correct the defect. But at what age is it best done?

    How and at what age to clean shcherbinka?

    Teenagers can make decisions on their own: to get rid of chaff or not. At the reception, the dentist, after examining and conducting some research, will prepare a treatment plan based on the reason for the formation of diastema.

    If, after the study, the dentist has discovered the presence of super-complex teeth, then the treatment plan will be difficult: dentists will decide how to remove complementary teeth and how to prevent complications.

    If the reason is hidden in the wrong attachment of the upper lip frenulum, then surgical intervention will help correct the situation - cutting or even excision of the frenulum. The operation itself is performed under local anesthesia in the clinic. The dentist cuts the bridle or changes its place of attachment, but in this case, stitches are necessary.

    If the surgery is performed on time, then no orthodontic treatment will be required. The best age for surgical treatment is 6-8 years, since this is the period of already erupted permanent central incisors and active lateral eruption. It is their eruption that will move the central teeth to its place, and then no additional impact will be required.

    But 6-8 years is not the only age when a dentist can perform a similar operation. This can happen in adolescence. In this case, in addition to surgery, adolescents will need orthodontic treatment - the imposition of special tires or fastening elements, which will contribute to the convergence of the central incisors and the disappearance of the gap between teeth.

    Unforeseen complications

    Sometimes teenagers and their parents do not even suspect the presence of more serious problems. Only a visible defect catches the eye - a chink between the teeth, and more complex pathologies remain without proper attention. But at the reception at the dentist after the examination, it turns out that the problem is serious, and more complex treatment is needed: the use of braces, aligners, and even some surgical training.

    What kind of treatment is shown to adolescents, is decided on an individual basis after a thorough study of the child, the study of models of the jaws and the ratio of teeth. Due to the active growth and development of the dentition of adolescents, treatment does not take much time and can last from several months to a year, the term depends on the type of concomitant pathology.

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